Crash course- Language Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Crash course- Language Deck (8):
1

What is proto-toungue?

The original language

2

What is language divergence?

When speakers of the same language scatter and develop variations of that original form of the language to meet their needs in the new surroundings (ex: they never had a word for snake so when they saw one they had to make it up)

3

What is language shift?

When speakers come into contact with other languages and a blending of the 2 or more languages occurs.

4

What is language replacement?

When invaders replace the language of those places they conquer

5

What is reverse reconstruction?

The process of tracking a language's diffusion

6

What is the conquest theory?

The theory that indo-european diffusion began in the empire-building Kurgan culture located in the steppe region of Russia, north of the Caspian Sea

7

What is the agriculture theory?

The theory that indo-european diffusion started in a farming community in Europe's Danube River region

8

What is a creole language?

When a pidginized language becomes part of a culture and is written down (ex: Pidgin French)