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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Test Deck (36):
1

What is the difference between race and ethnicity?

Race is based on shared biological traits and ethnicity is based on shared cultural heritage

2

Can people from different races be part of the same ethnicity?

Yes

3

What does ethnikos mean?

National

4

What does ethnos?

People

5

What do people of the same ethnicities share?

A cultural identity with people who are from the same homeland as them

6

What is a way of self-identification?

Ethnicity is a way of self-identification based on shared culture, history, and place of origin

7

Why do most geographers dismiss race?

Because race is literally skin deep and race can't be tied to one specific place

8

What is an ethnic group?

A sense of group identity that doesn't take biological traits into account- based on culture

9

What are the 6 characteristics of ethnic groups?

1. A common proper name (ex: hispanic)
2. Common ancestry and place of origin
3. Shared history (Events, etc)
4. One or more elements of culture (religion, language, customs, etc)
5. Linked to a homeland
6. A sense of solidarity and kinship

10

What does chain migration create?

Ethnic enclaves- concentrations of people with similar ethnicities. Ex: Chinatowm

11

What is the amalgamation (melting pot) theory?

The theory that ethnic groups will combine their traditions, values, and characteristics with one another to create a new group as a result of a multiethnic society

12

What is the opposite of assimilation?

The amalgamation (melting pot) theory

13

Define nationalism

Patriotism for your country

14

What is the nationality in the UK?

British

15

What are the 4 major ethnicities in the UK?

English, Scottish, Welsh, and Irish

16

What is the positive side to nationalism?

It gives the people a strong sense of patriotism, national pride, and unity

17

What's the negative side to nationalism?

It can lead to competition for power, territory, and discrimination against a minority ethnic group

18

What country began to break up shortly after the fall of the Soviet Union?

Yugoslavia

19

What held the country Yugoslavia together? What happened after it fell apart?

The communist government held the country together, but after the government fell all the ethnic groups competed for territory and power

20

What were the 3 main ethnic groups in Yugoslavia?

Bosniaks- Muslims
Croats- Catholic Christians
Serbs- Orthodox Christians

21

What is Balkanization?

The break up of a large, multiethnic state due to ethnic conflicts

22

What did the conflict in Yugoslavia lead to?

It lead to widespread ethnic cleansing, which is when a more powerful ethnic group seeks to forcibly remove or kill less powerful ethnicities in order to create a homogeneous region

23

What can ethnic cleansing lead to?

It can lead to discrimination, violence, genocide, and a major refugee crisis

24

What is the largest multi-ethnic state?

Russia

25

How many ethnic groups does Russia have?

185

26

How did Russia divide itself into republics? (What did they take into consideration the most?)

Russia subdivided into republics based on the majority and minority ethnic groups

27

How did the way Russia subdivided cause problems?

It caused some ethnic groups to seek autonomy/ self-rule, which leads to violence and civil war

28

How many potential ethnic conflicts are there in Russia?

2,000 potential conflicts are in Russia

29

Why has Russia had to deal with so many years of violence in the southwestern part of the country?

Because the majority of the Muslim republics like Chechnya and Dagestan are seeking independence from Russia

30

Why are there so many ethic conflicts in Africa?

Because of improperly drawn borders by European colonizers

31

What is apartheid?

The physical separation of different races into different geographic areas

32

What are the 4 most common ethnicities in the UK?

English, Welsh, Scots, and Irish

33

What is nationality in America?

An american nationality describes all citizens of of the US, even those who immigrated from other countries and became citizens

34

What is ethnicity?

Ethnicity identifies groups with distinct ancestry and cultural traditions

35

What is nationalism?

The patriotism for one's country

36

Where in Africa has there been the most history of ethnic conflict/cleansing?

Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea, Somalia, Rwanda, and the Congo