Flashcards in Justice and Allocation of Resources within the NHS Deck (9):
each getting what he or she is due (fairness)
Define 'formal justice'
impartial and consistent application of principles, whether or not the principles themselves are just
Define 'substantive justice'
what individuals can legitimately demand of one another or of their government
Define 'redistributive justice'
when and why punishment is justified
Define 'corrective justice'
fairness of demands for civil damages
Define 'commutative justice'
fairness of wages, prices and exchange
Define 'distributive justice'
fairness of distribution of resources (this determines all other forms of justice)
What are the 4 principles of distributive justice?
1. Resources are always limited and finite.
2. Current crisis is an unfortunate, however natural, i.e. inevitable, phenomenon.
3. Rationing is therefore inevitable.
4. It should be based on principles of justice.