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Year 3: CSP & PH > PH: Smoking > Flashcards

Flashcards in PH: Smoking Deck (5)

How does smoking affect the length of life?

Tends to reduce life expectancy by about 10 years


What are the common causes of smoking related deaths

Heart disease, stroke, chronic bronchitis (emphysema), lung cancer, other cancers and other diseases


What are common causes of morbidity in smokers?

Chronic bronchitis/emphysema, peripheral arterial disease, peptic ulcer, hip fracture and cataracts


How does weight tend to change alongside smoking cessation?

On average about 5kg of weight is put on


What drugs may be used to aid in smoking cessation?

> Varenicline – a selective nicotinic reception partial agonist
> Bupropion – developed an anti-depressant, antagonist of various neuronal receptors, mechanism in smoking cessation poorly understood