Flashcards in PH: Vaccination Deck (7)
Outline the routine childhood vaccination schedule
• 2 months = diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis/polio/Hib/hepatitis B and, pneumococcus, rotavirus (orally) and menB
• 3 months = diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis/polio/Hib/hepatitis B and rotavirus (orally))
• 4 months = diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis/polio/Hib/hepatitis B ad pneumococcus and men B
• 12 months = Hib/menC and MMR, pneumococcus and MenB
• 40 months = diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis/polio and MMR
• 12-13 years (girls) = HPV vaccine
• 14 years = diphtheria/tetanus/polio and Men ACWY
What forms of HPV cause cervical cancer?
16 and 18
What forms of HPV cause genital warts?
6 and 11
What are the benefits of using live vs killed vaccines?
• Less doses required for a live vaccine (just one)
• A live vaccine required no adjuvant
• Live vaccinations produce IgG and IgA antibodies, whereas attenuated/killed vaccines only produce IgG
• Live vaccines stimulate better cell-mediated immunity
• Live vaccines may cause the disease in a mild form whereas killed vaccines cannot.
Which routine vaccinations do not provide life-long immunity?
influenza (1 year) and pneumococcal (5 years)
What vaccinations are given to pregnant women?
Pertussis vacine (28+ weeks), influenza vaccine (NO OTHERS)