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Flashcards in C15 - Burgundy Deck (111)
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1

How is the climate of burgundy best described?

Cool continental in the north around Chablis and moderate continental further south

2

What negative effects can rain have specifically in Burgundy?

Frequently disrupts flowering in early summer and harvest later in the year

3

Which Burgundy grape is particularly susceptible to grey rot?

Pinot Noir

4

What is the climatic hazard particular to the Chablis area of Burgundy?

Spring frosts

5

How late can spring frosts appear in Chablis?

May

6

Other than frosts, what else can cause a large problem in Burgundy?

Summer hail

7

Where are the more basic, village level vineyards usually located in Burgundy?

On flat sites or at the bottom of slopes

8

Where are premier or grand cru vineyards of Burgundy often found?

Mid-slope

9

Name a beneficial climatic feature of a vineyard site being mid-slope rather than lower

They are less prone to frost

10

What additional locational feature do the very top Burgundy vineyards share?

South or east facing exposure

11

Other than light exposure, why is it beneficial for the best vineyards to be south or east facing?

They are sheltered from prevailing westerly winds

12

What is the soil type in Burgundy?

The soils are very varied

13

Why is there so much soil variation in Burgundy?

A result of a large number of geological faults combined with gradual erosion

14

What is the reason linked to subtle changes in wine-style in Burgundy?

Variation in soil type

15

How does soil quality vary dependant on topography?

Soils on hillsides are shallower and better drained
Soil on flat land is deeper and more fertile

16

What are the grapes used in Burgundy wine production?

Pinot Noir
Chardonnay
Aligoté
Gamay

17

What proportion of total vineyard area does Pinot Noir account for in Burgundy?

Over a third

18

Where in Burgundy is Pinot Noir grown?

Throughout, but the most important plantings are in the Côte d'Or

19

What flavours does Burgundian Pinot Noir typically express? Acidity and tannin?

Red fruit flavours in youth
Evolve into flavours of earth, game and mushroom
High acidity
Low to medium tannin

20

Which practice has gradually become more popular in Burgundian vinification of Pinot Noir?

The use of whole bunches

21

How long is Pinot Noir typically aged in Burgundy's best wines?

16 to 18 months in barrel

22

What are Pinot Noirs generally aged in in Burgundy?

New oak for a period (though this does depend on the producer)

23

What proportion of vineyard area in Burgundy does Chardonnay usually account for?

Nearly half

24

Describe the character of Chardonnay in Burgundy

Steely and high acid in Chablis
Complex and expressive in Côte d'Or
Full bodied and riper in Mâcon

25

Where was the modern style of premium Chardonnay production founded?

Burgundy

26

What are the four modern techniques used in Chardonnay production in Burgundy that now contribute to the world's most famous Chardonnays?

Barrel fermentation
Barrel ageing (6-9 months typically)
MLF
Using lees during maturation

27

What is still in high debate when it comes to Burgundian vinification of Chardonnay?

How much new oak ageing is appropriate
The appropriate amount of toasting for barrels

28

How long can the best Burgundian Chardonnay age for?

Ten years or more

29

What problem was discovered with Burgundian Chardonnays 15 years ago?

They were not ageing as expected
Some were showing signs of premature oxidation

30

What is the cause of the premature oxidation problem in Burgundy Chardonnays?

It has not been identified definitively