Where are most of South Africa's wine regions found?
On the coast
Why can South Africa produce a broad range of styles?
Proximity to the coast and the mountainous backdrop
What is the latitude range within which South Africa lies?
27° - 34˚ south of the equator
What should be the result of the latitude range of South Africa? Why does this not necessarily apply?
It should be hot Vineyards here are subject to cooling influences
Where does South Africa's most important cooling influence come from?
The Southern Ocean
Describe the Benguela Current and its effects
It is cold It flows up from the Antarctic, past the tip and up the west coast of Africa, cooling coastal areas
How is the cooling effect of the Benguela Current magnified?
By the Cape Doctor
Describe the Cape Doctor
A regular, strong, south-easterly summer wind Brings air cooled b the ocean further inland and can reduce temperatures by an additional couple of degrees in some areas
What is South Africa's second cooling influence?
The mountain ranges that run through the wine regions
What do the mountain ranges of South Africa offer producers?
A dramatic range of different altitudes and aspects
A multitude of different soils
What is the influence of altitude on winemaking in South Africa?
It has a marked impact on vineyard climate
Higher altitudes are cooler
Lower altitudes are warmer
What kind of aspect may be seen as preferable in South Africa? Why?
Southern aspects To benefit from cooler temperatures
Other than aspect and altitude, how else may mountains affect cooling in South Africa?
They may cast shadows over vineyards at certain times of the day
What secondary effect may mountain ranges have on cooling in South Africa nearer the coast?
They can help channel the winds through the vineyards
What is the most widely planted black variety in South Africa?
How may Cabernet Sauvignon be used in wines in South Africa?
Either as a varietal wine or in a blend with Merlot and Cabernet Franc for Bordeaux-style blends
What style of wine can Merlot produce in South Africa?
Full-bodied, plummy wines
What are the main black varieties of South Africa?
Beside the Bordeaux varieties, what is the next most planted black variety in South Africa?
Describe Syrah wines from hot climates in South Africa
Rich and full-bodied High alcohol Ripe black fruit flavours Sometimes earthy or meaty character
How does Syrah from cooler areas of South Africa differ from those of the warmer climes?
Less full-bodied Peppery
Describe Pinot Noir's role in South Africa
Less tolerant of the hot South African climate Planted in small amounts in the coolest coastal areas
What is the role of oak in the vinification of South African reds?
The vast majority of premium reds are matured in oak At least a proportion of new barrels used for toasty aromas
Which varieties were crossed to make Pinotage?
Pinot Noir x Cinsault
Where was Pinotage developed?
What is notable about the role of Pinotage in South Africa?
It's hardly grown anywhere else in the world
What style is Pinotage made into?
It's made in a range of styles
What is a 'Cape blend'?
Where Pinotage is blended with international varieties
What are the three most popular styles of Pinotage, single-varietal wine?
Light, fruity style with red berry flavours
Full-bodied from old bush vines, with rich, spiced berry fruit
Intense coffee and chocolate aromas when fermented and/or stored with heavily toasted oak staves
How is Pinotage often marketed?
Often to highlight its unique style (dependent on what style its been vinified to)