What climate does the majority of Germany's vineyard areas have?
Cool continental (with the associated viticultural challenges) Wet summers with rain declining in autumn
Where in Germany are vineyards noticeably warmer?
Baden in the far south
What effect does Germany's climate have on grapes?
The long, cool ripening period allows grapes to reach sugar ripeness while retaining acidity
What kind of wines can be made in every region of Germany?
Botrytised sweet wines
Why is there so much variance in German wines from year to year?
Due to high variations in annual water conditions
What is the result of the marginal conditions in Germany?
Small differences in vineyards can have a large impact on the wines produced
Describe the typically best site in all german regions
Steep, often stony slopes Southerly aspect
Describe grape-growing practices in Germany
Worked on by hand In steepest parts, equipment is manoeuvred into place by winches Vines are head-pruned, individually staked with canes tied in at the top of the stakes to maximise grape exposure to light and air circulation
What might the benefit be to a vine's proximity to rivers in Germany?
Reflected sunlight can help grapes to ripen Air movement caused by flowing water can help to protect against frosts
By which oenological characteristic are grapes classified in Germany? What effect does this have on the growing season?
By must weight (level of sugar in grape juice) The harvest can be spread out over a period of weeks and months
It is possible to make a range of Qualitätsweine and Prädikatsweine each year from...
An individual vineyard
How will harvest be performed in vineyards producing different levels of Qualitätsweine?
Pickers will pass through the vineyard several times to ensure that they get the ideal grapes for each category of wine
Besides picking-passes, how else may grapes be sorted for different levels of wine in Germany?
They may be sorted and categorised after each picking
What is the style trend in Germany? What has dictated this?
For dry wines The demands of the local market
How may the red and white wines (of varying quality) of Germany be sold?
Why are the dry red and white mass wines of Germany not usually labelled as Prädikatsweine?
This is largely the preserve of white wines
In terms of vineyard plantings and quality, what is the most important wine grape of Germany?
Which grape must be used for Prädikatsweine?
There are several options
What is the most widely planted grape variety in Germany?
What is the style of Riesling wines in Germany?
It varies due to differences in soil and climate From delicate and floral, to richer peachy fruit character Bone dry to lusciously sweet
How are dry styles of Riesling in Germany often labelled?
What is the style range for dry Rieslings in Germany?
From light and fruity to very concentrated and intense
How are many of the very best dry Rieslings of Germany labelled?
Grosses Gewächs (GG)
Nearly all wines labelled as Prädikatsweine will have...
Up to which category is possible to make a wine in a dry style?
What is the key to understanding Prädikatsweine?
To think of them as an indicator of style
What is the most delicate of the Prädikatsweine styles?
Describe Kabinett wines
What levels of alcohol do they attain?
Light in body
Flavours of green apple or citrus fruit, balanced with residual sweetness
Sweet styles will have an alcohol level of 8-9% abv
Drier styles can reach 12% abv
How can Kabinett wines be made sweet?
By stopping fermentation early (better quality wines) By adding sugar after fermentation (Süssreserve)
Why is stopping fermentation seen as a better quality way of creating sweetness?
It achieves a better sugar/acid balance