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Flashcards in C20 - The Southern Rhone Deck (65)
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1

What is the first town north of the Southern Rhone?

Valence

2

Describe the terrain in the Southern Rhone

Much flatter than that of the Northern Rhone

3

Describe the soils of many of the best vineyard sites in the Southern Rhône

They have very stony soils

4

What is the effect of the very stony soils in the Southern Rhone?

They absorb the sun's heat and warm the vineyard, aiding ripening

5

What are the soils in some areas of Chateauneuf-du-Pape like?

The stones/galets completely cover the soil surface

6

Describe the climate of the Southern Rhone

It is mediterranean

Mild winters and warm, dry summers

7

What are the two major climatic hazards of the Southern Rhone?

Drought

High winds (from the Mistral)

8

Why is the Mistral more of a problem in the Southern Rhone than the Northern Rhone?

Winds gain more speed here

There is less shielding from the wind by slopes

9

How are the effects of the Mistral protected against in the Southern Rhone?

By building wind-breaks

10

Describe how Grenache and Syrah respectively are protected from the Mistral

Grenache is trained low

Syrah benefits from the support offered by trellising systems

11

What is particularly different about grape content in Southern Rhone wines (particularly relating to the North)

The wines are often complex blends

12

How many grape varieties can a Southern Rhone wine be made from?

More than a dozen

13

Which variety is by far the most widely planted in the Southern Rhone?

Grenache

14

Which variety dominates the wines of the Southern Rhone?

Grenache

15

Why is Grenache successful in the Southern Rhone?

The warm summers allow it to ripen fully

16

What flavours does Grenache produce in the Southern Rhone?

Concentrated, spiced red fruit flavours

17

What can happen to Grenache-based wines in the Southern Rhone?

Their flavours can become baked and jammy

18

What does Syrah offer to blends in the Southern Rhone?

Extra colour and tannin

19

Which grape variety of the Southern Rhone can struggle in the hottest sites?

Syrah

20

Which grape is at its northernmost limit in the Southern Rhone?

Mourvedre

21

Describe Mourvèdre in Southern Rhône

Deeply coloured

Very high tannins

Dense, black fruit flavours and gamey/meaty aromas when fully ripe

22

Where are Mourvedre's ripe aromas most prized in the Southern Rhone?

Chateauneuf-du-Pape

23

Name the fourth most important grape in the Southern Rhone and describe its role(s)

Cinsault

It provides red fruit flavours (rather than structure)

24

What is the best known role of Cinsault in the Southern Rhone?

As a blending partner to Grenache in the production of fresh, fruity Roses

25

What is notable about winemaking in the Southern Rhone

It is incredibly varied

26

What is a consistent challenge for winemakers in the Southern Rhone?

They must all find a way of managing potentially high tannins and high alcohol levels to produce a balanced wine

27

Name some ways in which Southern Rhone producers may battle high tannins and high alcohol levels

Cold pre-fermentation maceration and storage in stainless steel

Warm, extractive fermentations in traditional open fermenters and maturation in large old oak vessels

28

How will Southern Rhone producers usually make up their blends?

With wines that have been fermented using different techniques

29

What is the role of oak in the Southern Rhone?

New oak is used by some producers

Some producers believe that new oak overwhelms the flavours of Grenache

30

What is the range of styles within the Southern Rhone?

From light-to-medium bodied fresh, fruity wines with low tannins to highly tannic, full-bodied reds with flavours of spice, meat and/or earth