Flashcards in C42 - Sparkling Wines of the World Deck (141)
How many appellations are there in the Champagne region?
What is the one appellation in the Champagne region?
How many villages within Champagne have premier cru status?
How many villages within Champagne have grand cru status?
What are the crus in Champagne?
The entire village rather than a specific vineyard
What are the production restrictions in the crus of Champagne?
There are no additional requirements
Why is a Champagne wine coming from a cru not necessarily a sign of consistent quality?
As a cru is an entire village, not every plot will have the same potential
How many sub-appellations are there within Champagne?
What are the three most famous sub-regions of Champagne?
Montagne de Reims
Vallée de la Marne
Côte des Blancs
Where in Champagne is the Côte de Sézanne?
Approximately 30 kilometres south-west of Épernay
Where is the Côte des Bar?
Over 100km to the south-east of Épernay
What's currently being reviewed in Champagne re. appellations?
The delineation of the appellation
What exactly is being looked into re. delineation of Champagne AC? Why?
The assessment of the entire surface area of all qualifying villages in Champagne
Some parts of Champagne were not included due to various reasons such as being overlooked, or the original landowners having no interest in producing Champagne
What is the climate of Champagne?
What are the biggest climatic threats a Champagne producer has to face?
Winter freeze, spring frost and rainy, cloudy weather
What makes the Champagne region ideal for sparkling grape growing?
Even in the warmest years, grape sugar levels remain very low and acid levels are very high
How is the threat of frost minimised in Champagne?
Most vineyards are planted on slopes
What is the dominant part of soils of Champagne?
What is the main quality of chalk as a soil constituent?
They provide good drainage after rain storms but retain a sufficient quantity of water in dry periods
What is a new focus for Champagne producers?
They are now fully committed to sustainable agriculture and have ambitious targets to reduce their use of man-made fertilisers and pesticides
What are the three grape varieties used in Champagne?
Where in Champagne is Chardonnay most widely planted?
Côte des Blancs and Côte de Sézanne
Describe Chardonnay from Champagne
Lighter-bodied than in Burgundy
Floral and citrus fruit character
Where in Champagne does Pinot Noir dominate?
Montagne de Reims and Côte des Bar
Describe wines from Pinot Noir in Champagne
Structural backbone to most blends
Gives blends a red fruit character
Where in Champagne does Meunier predominate? Why?
Vallée de la Marne
Because it buds late, protecting it from the spring frosts that occur more frequently in this region
What does Meunier contribute to a blend in Champagne?
For which wines in Champagne is Meunier particularly important?
Those made to be enjoyed young
Describe harvesting in Champagne
Grapes are hand-picked to allow selection in the vineyard and retain whole, healthy bunches