C27 - Northern Italy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in C27 - Northern Italy Deck (135)
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1

Describe the key geographical features of Northern Italy

The vineyard regions are in the foothills of the Alps and on the extensive plain of the River Po

2

What is the overall climate of Northern Italy?

Moderate, with dry, short summers

Alps form a rain barrier

Moderating influences provided by bodies of water such as local rivers (like the Po) and glacial lakes (such as Garda)

3

What is the effect of proximity to the sea in Italy

These areas can have higher rainfall and be more at risk of fungal disease

4

Describe how Northern Italian vineyards were traditionally planted

High yielding vines at low densities With Pergola trellising systems

5

Describe a Pergola trellis

The vine canopy is trained high with the fruit hanging down below a horizontal canopy of leaves

6

What are the principal reasons for Pergola training?

To protect the grapes from sunburn To allow for better circulation, minimising the risk of rot

7

For what kinds of wines are Pergolas still used in Northern Italy?

High acidity and low sugar levels (e.g. for sparkling wine grapes) For dried grapes which need to be free from damage and disease

8

What is the most common training system in Northern Italy?

High density plantings using VSP

9

Where is Alto Adige?

Centred around the town of Bolzano in the foothills of the Alps Italy's most northerly wine region

10

Describe vineyard plantings in Alto Adige

Planted on terraces on the south-east and south-west facing valley sides of the River Adige

11

Describe the climate in Alto Adige

Moderate climate Short, dry summers Low rainfall during the growing season Most vineyards experience high diurnal range due to altitude

12

What does the high average vineyard altitude make the vineyards of Alto Adige ideal for?

Production of aromatic whites and elegant, light-bodied reds

13

What is the most notable white wine of Alto Adige?

Pinot Grigio

14

Describe Pinot Grigio wines from Alto Adige

Dry Light to medium body High acid Citrus and green fruit flavours

15

What are the next most important white grapes of Alto Adige after Pinot Grigio?

Gewurztraminer, Chardonnay and Pinot Blanc

16

Which red grape dominates production in Alto Adige?

Schiava

17

Describe wines of Alto Adige made from Schiava

Light and fruity

Low to medium tannins

Flavours of raspberries and plums

18

How are almost all wines labelled in Alto Adige?

Alto Adige DOC

19

Where in Italy is Trentino?

Directly to the south of Alto Adige

20

Describe the geography of Trentino, particularly in relation to Alto Adige

The valley is wider here than further north

21

Where within the valley, are Trentino's vineyards planted?

On the valley floor as well as on the slopes on both sides of the valley

22

What is the climate of Trentino?

Moderate climate Dry summer and low rainfall (similar to Alto Adige) Slightly warmer than Alto Adige

23

Why is Trentino slightly warmer than Alto Adige?

More southerly latitude Vineyards at lower altitude Mountains to the west of the valley which protect from the cooling influence of Lake Garda

24

What are Trentino's two main varieties?

Chardonnay and Pinot Grigio

25

Describe the wines made from the valley floor of Trentino

Medium body Medium acidity Ripe stone fruit flavours

26

What are wines like which were made from grapes grown at higher altitudes in Trentino?

More similar to whites made in Alto Adige

27

What are the two most planted black grapes of Trentino?

Merlot and Teroldego

28

Where within Trentino are Merlot and Teroldego usually planted?

Mid-slopes and valley floor

29

Describe wines made from Teroldego in Trentino

Medium to full body Deep colour Medium to high tannin High acidity Aromas of black fruit Usually matured in oak

30

How are most wines labelled in Trentino?

Trentino DOC