Flashcards in C28 - Central Italy Deck (67)
Describe the topography of Central Italy
South of the Po valley, the wine regions here are dominated by the Apennine Mountains, which run the length of the Italian peninsula
Where in Central Italy are grapes usually planted?
In the hills and valleys of the Apennine Mountain range
How is temperature generally moderated within Central Italy?
Either by the altitude of the Apennine foothills or coastal sea breezes
Where in Italy is Tuscany?
Stretching down the western coast of Central Italy
How can Tuscany be topographically divided?
Into three parts:
The mountainous Chianti region in the north
The hills and valleys to the south
The flat coastal plain
What is the dominant and most prestigious grape throughout the areas of Tuscany?
What are the main characteristics of Sangiovese in Tuscany?
Aromas of red cherries, plums and dried herbs
Usually aged in oak to soften tannins and sometimes add spicy flavours
What kind of oak containers are used to age Sangiovese in Tuscany?
Small barrels and/or larger casks
What aromas can Sangiovese develop with bottle age?
Meaty and gamey aromas
What colour of grapes is grown in Tuscany?
Predominantly red, but some white is grown
Where in Italy is Chianti?
In the foothills of the Apennines between the cities of Pisa, Florence and Siena
How is Chianti divided?
Into seven sub-zones
What is the dominant grape of Chianti?
True of False: Wines of Chianti are often blends
How will producers of large volumes of Chianti, with grapes from the larger area, usually label their wines?
How may higher quality Chianti producers label their wines?
Depending on where the grapes are from, they may label their wines with the name of the sub-zone
Which of Chianti's sub-zones are best known for their quality?
Chianti Rufina DOCG
Chianti Colli Senesi DOCG
What is unusual about Chianti Classico?
It's NOT a sub-zone of Chianti
Describe the vineyards of Chianti Classico
At higher altitudes than those of Chianti
What is the effect of Chianti Classico's higher vineyards?
More herbal aromas
What is the role of ageing on Chianti Classico?
Must be aged for 12 months before release
What is the role of ageing for Chianti Classico Riserva DOCG?
Must be aged for 24 months, with at least 3 months of bottle ageing
What is the highest designation for Chianti Classico wines?
How may a Chianti Classico qualify for Gran Selezione status?
Grapes must be sourced from a single estate
Wines must be aged for six months longer than Riserva
What is the role of oak ageing for Gran Selezione wines in Chianti?
There are no stipulations concerning oak ageing, so it is entirely up to the producer
What is the reality regarding oak ageing for Gran Selezione wines in Chianti?
The vast majority of wines are matured in oak for at least part of the time before their release
Describe the vineyards of Southern Tuscany
Lower than the north
Cool, maritime breezes from south-west
What are the best known appellations of Southern Tuscany?
Brunello di Montalcino DOCG
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG
Describe the general difference between wines from this part of Tuscany and from further north
More intense and fuller-bodied than those from Chianti