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Flashcards in C40 - New Zealand Deck (90)
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What and where is New Zealand's nearest land mass?

Australia - 1900km away


What is the overall climate of New Zealand?



Describe the temperatures of New Zealand's islands

South Island is cool
North Island is warmer


The combination of ..., ... and ... allows grapes in New Zealand to...

Long sunshine hours, nights cooled by sea breezes and a long ripening period
reach high levels of sugar and flavour ripeness, while retaining acidity


Where do the vineyards of NZ's South Island tend to be located?

On the east side


What is the climatic advantage to NZ's South Island vineyards being mostly on the east side?

They are protected from rain-bearing westerly winds here, by mountains in the centre of the island


What is a potentially problematic major climatic feature on the South Island of New Zealand?

High rainfall, despite the presence of the mountains to the west


Why are the vineyards well adapted to cope with the high levels of rainfall in NZ South Island?

Soils here tend to be free draining and so do not experience waterlogging


Describe the poorer vineyard sites of South Island and the result on vines

The land is flat and and can be overly fertile, leading to excessive shoot and leaf growth


How have New Zealanders adapted to problems of vine vigour?

They have become experts in trellising and other canopy management techniques


What does the New Zealand wine industry commit to as a whole? How do they set out to achieve this?

Reducing the environmental impact of their vineyard management and winery practices
With the initiative 'Sustainable Winegrowing New Zealand'


What is New Zealand's flagship grape? Since when?

Sauvignon Blanc
Since the early 1990s


Which grape accounts for the majority of wine production in New Zealand?

Sauvignon Blanc


What are the benchmark features of Sauvignon Blanc in New Zealand?

Pungent aromas
Intense flavours of elderflower and passion fruit
High acidity


What are the differences between the Sauvignons of North Island and South?

The north produces more tropical flavours
The south produces more acidity and flavours of green pepper and gooseberry


How is NZ Sauvignon usually fermented? Why?

In inert vessels at cool temperatures to retain fruity flavours and aromas


What is the role of oak in making NZ Sauvignon?

Some producers mature SB in oak


What is NZ's second most planted white grape?



What style of Chardonnay is made in New Zealand?

There is a variety of styles created using different techniques
The general style is led by concentrated citrus and tropical fruits with subtle hints of toast and sweet spice from new french oak


What have been the recent grape growing explorations in New Zealand?

For aromatic varieties Riesling and Gewurztraminer
Also for semi-aromatic Pinot Gris


Why is New Zealand well suited to aromatic varieties?

Dry night-times and cool night temperatures ensure aromatic compounds have plenty of time to develop before the grapes are harvested


Why style are aromatic grapes of New Zealand made into now?

From dry to sweet
Off-dry is the most prevalent style


What is New Zealand's second most planted variety after SB?

Pinot Noir


Where in NZ is PN grown?

Widely throughout the south island
In some parts of the north island


What is the overall profile of Pinot Noir in New Zealand?

Fine ripe tannins
Soft texture
Quite high levels of alcohol
Vibrant fruit


What are the exceptions to Pinot Noir's main style in New Zealand?

Some distinct regional styles have also emerged


What is the red variety with the second greatest volume in New Zealand?



How is Merlot often used in New Zealand's wines?

Blended with Cabernet Sauvignon to add tannin and notes of cassis


Like all New Zealand wines, its Bordeaux-style blends are noted for...

The purity of their fruit flavours


Where is production of NZ's Bordeaux blends mostly concentrated?

In the North Island