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A - Board Reveiew Misc > Skeletal muscle > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skeletal muscle Deck (16)
1

What type of filament is present in the A band?

Thick filaments are present here.
Contain myosin.

2

How many polypeptide chains does myosin have and how many are light vs heavy?

Myosin has six polypeptide chains including...
One pair of heavy chains
Two pairs of light chains

3

How many heads does each myosin moldecule have?

Each has two heads attached to a single tail.
The heads bind ATP and actin and are involved in the cross bridge cycle.

4

Where are thin filaments anchored?

The Z lines

5

Which band can thin filaments be predominantly found?

The I bands.
Although they do interdigitate with the thick filaments of the A band.

6

Which fibers are found in the thin filaments?

Actin
Tropomysin
Troponin

7

Which band contains both thick and thin filaments?

A band

8

What does Troponin T do?

attaches the troponin complex to tropomyosin.

9

What does Tropinin I do?

Inhibits the interaction of actin and myosin

10

What does Troponin C do?

Binds calcium to permit the binding of actin and myosin.

11

The cellular T tubules can be found at the junction between which two structures?

Found between A bands and I bands.

12

What is the dihydropyridine receptor?

This is a voltage sensative receptor found in the T tubules.
When triggered by depolarization it allows for the release of calcium throuh the terminal cisternae/ ryanodine receptor.

13

What does ATP do when attached to the myosin?

ATP removes the myosin head from the actin filament.
When ATP is hydrolyzed it moves to the plus end and myosin remains bound to actin until ADP is changed to ATP again.

14

What is the role of the SR Ca2+ ATPase "SERCA"?

Reaccumulates calcium back into the sarcoplasmic retculum.
This decreases cytosolic calcium levels relaxing the muscle.

15

What is passive muscle tension?

Tension developed in the muscle by stretching it to different lengths.
There is no contraction occurring here.

16

What is total tension?

Tension developed when the muscle is stimulated to contract to different lengths.

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