Flashcards in Eating disorders Deck (50):
When do eating disorders usually present?
OCD patients are more or less prone to eating disorders?
True or false: athletes less commonly have eating disorders?
True or false: there is usually a critical sensitizing event with eating disorders
The average american woman is how tall and weighs how much?
The average american model is how tall and weighs how much?
What are the diagnostic criteria for anorexia? (4)
-Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even at a low weight
-Disturbance in the perception of shape or size
-Restriction of energy intake
-Disturbance or undue influence of weight or shape
What are the BMI definitions of mild, moderate, severe, and extreme anorexia?
Mild less than [17-18
Moderate [16, 17)
Severe less than 16
Extreme = less than 15
What is the progression of symptoms with anorexia?
Dieting progressing to more and more reductions in intake, switching to only fruits and vegetables, and an increase in physical activity
True or false: objective hypothermia can occur with anorexia
What is the deadliest of all psychiatric disorders?
What are the diagnostic criteria for bulimia? (3)
-Recurrent episodes of binge eating
-Inappropriate compensatory behaviors to prevent weight change
-Self-eval based largely on image
-Greater than 18.5 BMI
How often do episodes of binge eating occur with bulimia?
At least once a week for 3 months
What are the drugs that are abused with bulimics?
Laxatives and diuretics
What are the two subtypes of bulimia?
Purging and nonpurging
What are the diagnostic criteria for binge eating disorders? (4)
-Frequent episodes of large quantities of food in short periods
-Feeling out of control
-Feeling ashamed or disgusted by the behavior
-Eating when not hungry or in secret
What is the difference between BED and bulimia?
BED have significantly lower level of dietary restraints
True or false: men more often have BED
What is the pharmacotherapy treatment for BED?
Callouses on the back of the hand may suggest what?
What causes the chipmunk cheeks with bulimia?
Increase salivary secretions
True or false: cardiac impairment is a risk factor for anorexia
True or false: there is a loss of brain tissue with anorexia
What happens to bone density with anorexia?
What mental illness has the highest mortality rate?
What lab abnormality may occur with anorexia / bulimia?
What are the medical complications of BED?
What are the EKG findings that can be seen with anorexia?
What are the CBC abnormality with anorexia?
What happens to hormone levels with anorexia?
What metabolic disorders can be seen with bulimia? (3)
True or false: there is a lowered threshold for depression with anorexia
What happens when starving to psych stuff?
What are the comorbidities with eating disorders? (5)
What are the drugs that take away appetite? (2)
What is the treatment for eating disorders?
What is the multidisciplinary approach to anorexic patients? (4)
What are the two medications that may assist with weight gain and mood management?
What do most eating disorders start off as?
What personality types are predisposed to anorexia?
Which category of men have a higher incidence of eating disorders?
True or false: most pts with an eating disorder do not believe they are thin
False--most do, but fear of a loss of control if they eat
What is the restricting type of anorexia?
Past 3 months individual has not engaged in recurrent episodes of binge eating or purging behavior
What is the binge-eating/purging type of anorexia?
Past 3 months individual has engaged in recurrent episodes of "binge" (e.g 1 banana) eating or purging behavior
Is amenorrhea a diagnostic criteria for anorexia?
Not anymore--not reliable
What is the temperamental risk factor for anorexia?
Anxiety or obsessional
True or false: having a biological relative with an eating disorder is a risk factor to developing an eating disorder
What is the nonpurging type of bulimia?
Not purging, but doing other things to get rid of the calories quickly (e.g intensive exercise, etc)
What were the results of the Maudsley approach to the treatment of anorexia?
50% of anorexia pts and 30% of bulimia pts showed improvement