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Flashcards in Eating disorders Deck (50)
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1

When do eating disorders usually present?

Adolescence

2

OCD patients are more or less prone to eating disorders?

More

3

True or false: athletes less commonly have eating disorders?

False--more common

4

True or false: there is usually a critical sensitizing event with eating disorders

True

5

The average american woman is how tall and weighs how much?

5' 4"
140

6

The average american model is how tall and weighs how much?

5' 11''
117

7

What are the diagnostic criteria for anorexia? (4)

-Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even at a low weight
-Disturbance in the perception of shape or size
-Restriction of energy intake
-Disturbance or undue influence of weight or shape

8

What are the BMI definitions of mild, moderate, severe, and extreme anorexia?

Mild less than [17-18
Moderate [16, 17)
Severe less than 16
Extreme = less than 15

9

What is the progression of symptoms with anorexia?

Dieting progressing to more and more reductions in intake, switching to only fruits and vegetables, and an increase in physical activity

10

True or false: objective hypothermia can occur with anorexia

True

11

What is the deadliest of all psychiatric disorders?

Anorexia

12

What are the diagnostic criteria for bulimia? (3)

-Recurrent episodes of binge eating
-Inappropriate compensatory behaviors to prevent weight change
-Self-eval based largely on image
-Greater than 18.5 BMI

13

How often do episodes of binge eating occur with bulimia?

At least once a week for 3 months

14

What are the drugs that are abused with bulimics?

Laxatives and diuretics

15

What are the two subtypes of bulimia?

Purging and nonpurging

16

What are the diagnostic criteria for binge eating disorders? (4)

-Frequent episodes of large quantities of food in short periods
-Feeling out of control
-Feeling ashamed or disgusted by the behavior
-Eating when not hungry or in secret

17

What is the difference between BED and bulimia?

BED have significantly lower level of dietary restraints

18

True or false: men more often have BED

True

19

What is the pharmacotherapy treatment for BED?

Prozac (fluoxetine)

20

Callouses on the back of the hand may suggest what?

Bulimia

21

What causes the chipmunk cheeks with bulimia?

Increase salivary secretions

22

True or false: cardiac impairment is a risk factor for anorexia

True

23

True or false: there is a loss of brain tissue with anorexia

True

24

What happens to bone density with anorexia?

Decreased density

25

What mental illness has the highest mortality rate?

Anorexia

26

What lab abnormality may occur with anorexia / bulimia?

Hypokalemia

27

What are the medical complications of BED?

-HTN
-Hypercholesterolemia
-DM II
-Gallbladder disease

28

What are the EKG findings that can be seen with anorexia?

QT prolongation

29

What are the CBC abnormality with anorexia?

Leukopenia

30

What happens to hormone levels with anorexia?

Lower