Flashcards in OCD and such Deck (89)
What is fear?
the physical and mental response to an *imminent* threat
What is anxiety?
The anticipation of threat in the *future*
Anxiety or fear: threat is known
Anxiety or fear: desire to escape
Anxiety or fear: desire to avoid
Anxiety or fear: muscle tension and vigilance
Anxiety or fear: fight/flight/freeze response
True or false: both anxiety and fear can occur as part of anxiety disorders
What is the most common category of mental disorders?
What is the prevalence of anxiety disorders every year?
Are anxiety disorders more common in women or men?
True or false: anxiety disorders tend to develop in adulthood
What is the classic course of GAD?
Chronic, waxing and waning course
What does avoidance lead to? Exposure?
Avoidance - Anxiety
Exposure - Extinction
What is the lifetime prevalence of anxiety disorders in women? Men?
Women = 30%
Men = 19%
What are the comorbidities of anxiety disorders?
Depression and substance abuse
What are the 4 criteria for specific phobias?
-Marked fear or anxiety about a specific object
-Exposure to the phobic stimulus provokes immediate fear
-The phobic object is avoided
-Fear is out of proportion to the actual danger
How long do phobias last for, (to meet the criteria)?
True or false: most people with a phobia usually do not have more than one
In what age group are phobias particularly prevalent in?
True or false: excessive fears are common in young children, and often transitory--thus consider it part of normal development
What is the major difference between phobias and realistic fears?
Realistic fears are proportional to probability
What is the best treatment for fear?
What is the one exception to increased SNS with phobias?
Sight of blood
Is pharmacotherapy recommended for treatment of phobias? Why or why not?
No--treatment gains are not sustained
How long does exposure therapy have to last for?
until fear decreases
When is pharmacotherapy appropriate for phobias?
For one time instances (flying for one time, vs flying constantly for new job)
What are the criteria for social anxiety disorder? (5)
-Marked fear/anxiety of social situations
-Concern for acting in a way that is humiliating
-Exposure to social situations
-Feared situation is avoided
-Fear/anxiety is out of proportion
What is the time duration that is needed to diagnose social anxiety disorder?
6 months or more