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Flashcards in OCD and such Deck (89)
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1

What is fear?

the physical and mental response to an *imminent* threat

2

What is anxiety?

The anticipation of threat in the *future*

3

Anxiety or fear: threat is known

Fear

4

Anxiety or fear: desire to escape

Fear

5

Anxiety or fear: desire to avoid

Anxiety

6

Anxiety or fear: muscle tension and vigilance

Anxiety

7

Anxiety or fear: fight/flight/freeze response

Fear

8

True or false: both anxiety and fear can occur as part of anxiety disorders

True

9

What is the most common category of mental disorders?

Anxiety disorders

10

What is the prevalence of anxiety disorders every year?

18%

11

Are anxiety disorders more common in women or men?

Women

12

True or false: anxiety disorders tend to develop in adulthood

False--childhood

13

What is the classic course of GAD?

Chronic, waxing and waning course

14

What does avoidance lead to? Exposure?

Avoidance - Anxiety
Exposure - Extinction

15

What is the lifetime prevalence of anxiety disorders in women? Men?

Women = 30%
Men = 19%

16

What are the comorbidities of anxiety disorders?

Depression and substance abuse

17

What are the 4 criteria for specific phobias?

-Marked fear or anxiety about a specific object
-Exposure to the phobic stimulus provokes immediate fear
-The phobic object is avoided
-Fear is out of proportion to the actual danger

18

How long do phobias last for, (to meet the criteria)?

6 months

19

True or false: most people with a phobia usually do not have more than one

False--most do

20

In what age group are phobias particularly prevalent in?

Adolescents

21

True or false: excessive fears are common in young children, and often transitory--thus consider it part of normal development

True

22

What is the major difference between phobias and realistic fears?

Realistic fears are proportional to probability

23

What is the best treatment for fear?

Exposure therapy

24

What is the one exception to increased SNS with phobias?

Sight of blood

25

Is pharmacotherapy recommended for treatment of phobias? Why or why not?

No--treatment gains are not sustained

26

How long does exposure therapy have to last for?

until fear decreases

27

When is pharmacotherapy appropriate for phobias?

For one time instances (flying for one time, vs flying constantly for new job)

28

What are the criteria for social anxiety disorder? (5)

-Marked fear/anxiety of social situations
-Concern for acting in a way that is humiliating
-Exposure to social situations
-Feared situation is avoided
-Fear/anxiety is out of proportion

29

What is the time duration that is needed to diagnose social anxiety disorder?

6 months or more

30

What is the CBT treatment for social anxiety disorder?

-Correction of maladaptive thinking
-Exposure to feared social situations