Flashcards in Ego Defenses Deck (57)
What is the unconscious mind?
Contains material that the person is not aware of, and cannot intentionally bring into awareness
What is the conscious mind?
Contains material that the person is actively aware of, and can discuss verbally
What is the preconscious?
Contains material that the person is not currently thinking about, but can bring to awareness as needed (e.g. phone number)
What is the structural theory of personality?
Id, ego, or superego: present at birth
Id, ego, or superego: source of all psychic energy
Id, ego, or superego: emerges after birth, but is not the last to develop
Id, ego, or superego: last to develop
Id, ego, or superego: fully Unconscious
Id, ego, or superego: partly conscious, partly unconscious
Id, ego, or superego: Develops be internalizing parenta and societal teaching about right and wrong
Id, ego, or superego: punishes that self for misbehavior via guilt and shame
Id, ego, or superego: governed by the pleasure principle
Id, ego, or superego: Operates on the reality principle
Id, ego, or superego: Negotiates between the personalitiy's desires and drives and the outside world
Id, ego, or superego: requires defense mechanisms to manage anxiety
What is the purpose of defenses mechanisms?
Used by the ego to manage anxiety, resulting from conflicts between the id and reality or id and superego
Are defense mechanism carried out consciously or unconsciously?
How do defense mechanisms work?
Ignore or distory reality in some way that protect the individual. Can be adaptive or maladaptive
What is regression?
Reverting to an earlier stage of development under stress in order to avoid the anxiety or difficulty involved in the more mature stage
What is denial?
Failing to acknowledge some part of external reality that is obvious to others
What is displacement?
Taking an impulse or emotions that is directed at an unacceptable target and instead directing it at someone or something else
What is the humor defense mechanism?
Involves explicitly expressing feelings without feeling personal discomfort or making others uncomfortable
Is humor a mature or immature defense mechanism?
True or false: the humor defense mechanism usually involves an element of truth or of self-awareness
What is intellectualization?
Engaging in excessively abstract thinking in order to avoid painful or upsetting feelings; thinking about feelings rather than experiencing them
What is passive-aggression?
Indirectly expressing aggression through passive or masochistic means; expressing aggression via NOT acting
What is projection?
Taking one's own unacceptable impulses or feelings and attributing them to someone else
What is rationalization?
Stating a logically plausible and socially acceptable (but inaccurate_ explaination for a behavior driven by emotion