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Flashcards in Ego Defenses Deck (57)
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1

What is the unconscious mind?

Contains material that the person is not aware of, and cannot intentionally bring into awareness

2

What is the conscious mind?

Contains material that the person is actively aware of, and can discuss verbally

3

What is the preconscious?

Contains material that the person is not currently thinking about, but can bring to awareness as needed (e.g. phone number)

4

What is the structural theory of personality?

Id
Ego
Super ego

5

Id, ego, or superego: present at birth

Id

6

Id, ego, or superego: source of all psychic energy

Id

7

Id, ego, or superego: emerges after birth, but is not the last to develop

Ego

8

Id, ego, or superego: last to develop

Superego

9

Id, ego, or superego: fully Unconscious

Id

10

Id, ego, or superego: partly conscious, partly unconscious

Ego

11

Id, ego, or superego: Develops be internalizing parenta and societal teaching about right and wrong

Superego

12

Id, ego, or superego: punishes that self for misbehavior via guilt and shame

Super ego

13

Id, ego, or superego: governed by the pleasure principle

Id

14

Id, ego, or superego: Operates on the reality principle

Ego

15

Id, ego, or superego: Negotiates between the personalitiy's desires and drives and the outside world

Ego

16

Id, ego, or superego: requires defense mechanisms to manage anxiety

Ego

17

What is the purpose of defenses mechanisms?

Used by the ego to manage anxiety, resulting from conflicts between the id and reality or id and superego

18

Are defense mechanism carried out consciously or unconsciously?

Unconsciously

19

How do defense mechanisms work?

Ignore or distory reality in some way that protect the individual. Can be adaptive or maladaptive

20

What is regression?

Reverting to an earlier stage of development under stress in order to avoid the anxiety or difficulty involved in the more mature stage

21

What is denial?

Failing to acknowledge some part of external reality that is obvious to others

22

What is displacement?

Taking an impulse or emotions that is directed at an unacceptable target and instead directing it at someone or something else

23

What is the humor defense mechanism?

Involves explicitly expressing feelings without feeling personal discomfort or making others uncomfortable

24

Is humor a mature or immature defense mechanism?

Mature

25

True or false: the humor defense mechanism usually involves an element of truth or of self-awareness

True

26

What is intellectualization?

Engaging in excessively abstract thinking in order to avoid painful or upsetting feelings; thinking about feelings rather than experiencing them

27

What is passive-aggression?

Indirectly expressing aggression through passive or masochistic means; expressing aggression via NOT acting

28

What is projection?

Taking one's own unacceptable impulses or feelings and attributing them to someone else

29

What is rationalization?

Stating a logically plausible and socially acceptable (but inaccurate_ explaination for a behavior driven by emotion

30

What is reaction formation?

When an unconscious feeling that causes anxiety is transformed such that the conscious feeling is the exact opposite. The conscious feeling is the exact opposite.

The conscious feeling is typically extreme and rigid, hence, the concept of "the lady doth protest too much".