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Flashcards in Psychiatric Disorders II Deck (69)
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1

Which gender has: an earlier onset with schizophrenia?

Males

2

Which gender has: poorer premorbid adjustment with schizophrenia?

Males

3

Which gender has: less cognitive impairment with schizophrenia?

Females

4

Which gender has: more brain structural abnormalities with schizophrenia?

Males

5

Which gender has: a better outcomes with schizophrenia?

Females

6

Which gender has: a later onset with schizophrenia?

Females

7

Which gender has: more negative s/sx with schizophrenia?

Males

8

Which gender has: symptoms that are more affect laden onset with schizophrenia?

Females

9

Which gender has: tend not to marry with schizophrenia?

Males

10

What percent of schizophrenics develop by age 30 in males?

90%

11

What is the most common presentation of bipolar disorder?

Depression and anxiety

12

True or false: there is a high comorbidity of anxiety with schizophrenia

True

13

What are the comorbidities that are common in the schizophrenic population? (3)

-Anxiety
-OCD
-Panic

14

True or false: Schizotypal or paranoid personalities often proceed the onset of schizophrenia

True

15

True or false: there are high rates of substance abuse with schizophrenia

True (50% use tobacco)

16

What is the usual age range in prison? How does this compare to the onset of schizophrenia?

Both young

17

What percent of schizophrenics smoke?

50%

18

What is the effect of smoking with schizophrenia?

Decreases hallucinations

19

What is a schizoaffective disorder?

a mental disorder characterized by abnormal thought processes and deregulated emotions. The diagnosis is made when the patient has features of both schizophrenia and a mood disorder—either bipolar disorder or depression—but does not strictly meet diagnostic criteria for either alone

20

What are the diagnostic criteria for schizoaffective disorder? What is the duration that is needed?

Delusions or hallucinations for 2 or more weeks in the absence of a major episode during the lifetime duration of the illness

21

How do the negative s/sx with schizoaffective disorder compare to full schizophrenia

less severe and less persistent

22

True or false: anosognosia is common, and more severe and pervasive with schizoaffective disorder than in schizophrenia

False--less severe and pervasive

23

What is the prevalence of schizoaffective disorder? How does this compare to schizophrenia?

1/3 as common as schizophrenia, with a lifetime prevalence of 0.3%

24

Which gender has a higher prevalence of schizoaffective disorder?

Females

25

What is the duration of substance induced psychotic disorder?

s/sx that persist more than 1 month after stopping acute withdrawal or severe intoxication

26

True or false: s/sx of substance induced psychotic disorder precede the onset of use

True

27

What percent of individuals with a first episode of psychosis are reported to have substance induced psychotic disorder?

7-25%

28

True or false: in order to diagnose substance induced psychotic disorder, the disturbances must not occur during a delirium

True

29

What are the three major categories of medical disorders that can cause psychosis?

-Neurological conditions
-Endocrine conditions
-Metabolic conditions

30

What is the prevalence of psychotic disorders 2/2 a medical condition?

0.21% to 0.54%