Substance Abuse II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Substance Abuse II Deck (83)
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1

What are the criteria for caffeine use disorder?

No such thing

2

What is considered "high dose" caffeine?

250 mg

3

What are the criteria for caffeine intoxication? (non -obvious)? How many are needed?

-Flushed face

5

4

What are the criteria for caffeine withdrawal? How many within a 24 hours timeframe are needed to diganose?

At least 3 within 24 hours:
-HA
-Fatigue
-Dysphoric
-Flu-like s/sx
-Difficulty concentring

5

What is the major issue with Li and Caffeine use?

Diuretic aspect of caffeine may alter [Li]

6

What is the most widely used illicit substance?

Marijunana

7

What is the age range that has the highest marijuana use?

18-29 years

8

True or false: regular users of marijuana had concurrent metal disorders

True

9

True or false: most individuals who use cannabis report that they use it solely for pleasure

False--cope with mood, sleep, pain etc

10

What are the four criteria for marijuana intoxication? How many are needed? Within what time frame?

2 within 2 hours:
-Conjunctival injection
-Increased appetite
-Dry mouth
-Tachycardia

11

What is "K2?

Synthetic cannabinoid--sprayed onto herbal/plant matter

12

What are the major effects of synthetic cannabinoid?

-Anxious
-Irritable
-Cognitive impairment
-Psychosis

13

How reliable are tox screens for K2?

Not very

14

What are the physical effects of K2?

Conjunctival injection

15

What are the s/sx of cannabis withdrawal?

-Sleep difficulty
-Anxiety
-Decreased appetite

16

What are the major phencyclidines?

-PCP
-Ketamine

17

What are the s/sx of phencyclidine (PCP) use? (5)

-Dissociative symptoms
-Nystagmus
-HTN
-Violent behavior
-Analgesia

18

What are the complications that can result from phencyclidine use?

-Cognitive deficits
-Szs
-Intracranial hemorrhage

19

What is MDMA?

Ecstasy

20

What are the eye findings with phencyclidine use?

-Pupillary dilation
-Nystagmus

21

What are the muscle findings of phencyclidine?

-Rigidity
-Ataxia
-Dysarthria

22

What are the CV effects of Phencyclidine intoxication?

-Tachycardia
-HTN

23

How mayn diagnostic criteria are needed, and in what timeframe, for phencyclidine intoxication?

Within 1 hour, at least 2

24

What are the ocular s/sx of hallucinogenic intoxication?

Dilation
Blurred vision

25

True or false: there is no withdrawal with inhalant use

True

26

What are the general features of inhalant intoxication?

-Belligerence
-lethargy
-Impaired judgement

27

What are the the ocular findings of inhalant use?

-Nystagmus
-Blurred vision
-Diplopia

28

What are the motor findings of inhalant intoxication? (4)

-Incoordination
-Psychomotor retardation
-Tremor
-Generalized weakness

29

What is the common cause of death with inhalant use?

Cardiac arrhythmias

30

What is the general MOA of opioids?

Mu-opioid receptor agonist