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Flashcards in Cardio treatments Deck (46)
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31

what is the treatment for strep epidermidis endocarditis?

vancomycin + gentamicin + rifampicin PO

32

what is the treatment for enterococcus/HACEK endocarditis?

amoxicillin/vancomycin + gentamicin

33

what is the treatment for intermittent claudication?

1) lifestyle advice
2) antiplatelets to increase walking distance
3) surgery in severe cases
- angioplasty +/- stent via femoral artery
- bypass grafts
- amputation

34

what are the steps in treatment of acute lower limb ischaemia (PE/DVT)?

1) heparin, warfarin if severe (MI/AF assoc)
2) angioplasty
3) graft thrombolysis
4) bypass grafting
5) surgery - embolectomy

35

when does an AAA require intervention?

>5.5 cm
grown more than 1cm in past year
symptomatic

36

what is the treatment for AAA?

1) lifestyle advice
2) fitness testing
3) EVAR
4) open surgery

37

how is DVT treated?

1) anticoagulation
2) phlegmasia dolens - caval filters
3) compression (TED) stockings

38

how are varicose veins treated?

stockings
foam sclerotherapy
endovenous ablation

39

what is thrombophlebitis?

infection that causes a blood clot to form and occlude a vessel (usually in the legs)

40

what is the treatment for thrombophlebitis?

analgesics
elevation of limb
fondaparinux

41

what is the treatment for a stroke?

1) ABCDE, Oxygen
2) thrombolysis
3) hemicraniectomy
4) long term = address risk factors

42

what is the treatment for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

1) treat symptoms, prevent sudden death
2) low risk = amiodarone
3) medium risk = Beta blockers + verapamil
4) high risk = ICD

43

what is the treatment for dilated cardiomyopathy?

1) heart failure management
2) cardiac resynchronisation therapy
3) high risk = ICD

44

what is the treatment for arrythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy?

non-life threatening = beta blockers
symptomatic = amiodarone, soltalol

45

what is the treatment for myocarditis?

1) treat underlying cause (eg remove drugs, treat infection)
2) bed rest, avoid athletics
3) ACE, beta blockers, spironolactone, digoxin

46

what is the treatment for pericarditis?

NSAIDs - ibuprofen