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Flashcards in Resp Bible Deck (78)
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1

where does the larynx become the trachea / the pharynx becomes the oesophagus?

C6

2

at which level does the trachea bifurcate?

T5-T7
(carina)

3

what is the lingual?

flap of tissue on the inferior medial edge of the left lung

4

which nerve supplies the diaphragm?

phrenic nerve
(C3, 4, 5)

5

what are the signs or horner's syndrome?

ptosis (drooping eyelid)
Miosis (contriction of pupil)
Anhydrosis (failure of sweat glands)

6

which lung cancer cancer do non-smokers get?

adenocarcinoma

7

which antigen is present in squamous cell carcinoma?

P63

8

what is the rima glottidis?

narrowest part of the larynx
where foreign bodies tend to block

9

obstructive lung disease + raised eosinophils?

asthma

10

obstructive lung disease + raised neutrophils?

COPD

11

Asian man with fever, weight loss and night sweats?

TB

12

what test is done for legionella pneumonia?

urine antigen test

13

ABCDE of pulmonary oedema?

Alveolar bat's wings
kerly B lines
Cardiomegaly
Dilated prominent upper lobe vessels
pleural Effusion

14

ziehl nelson stain positive for acid fast bacilli?

TB

15

4 Cs of fibrosis?

Clubbing
Cough
Cyanosis
Crackles (fine inspiratory)

16

D sign on X ray?

empyema

17

type 1 resp failure?

hypoxia

18

type 2 resp failure?

hypoxia and hypercapnia

19

factors of exudate?

protein > 30
LDH > 200

20

factors of transudate?

protein < 30
LDH < 200

21

what are the signs of metabolic acidosis/diabetic ketoacidosis?

Type 1 diabetic not taking insulin and vomiting
dehydrated
deep laboured breathing

22

thumbprint on head X ray?

epiglottitis

23

what is the most common cause of epiglottitis?

H. influenza

24

how is epiglottitis treated?

ceftriaxone
don't touch with tongue depressor

25

Increased ACE and calcium?

sarcoidosis

26

where is respiratory rhythm established?

medulla

27

which type of firing in the medulla initiates inspiration and expiration??

DIVE
dorsal = inspiratory
ventral = expiratory

28

how is breathing modified in the pons?

apneustic centre = prolongs inspiration (can cause apneustic breathing)
Pneumotaxic centre = inhibits inspiration

29

what is Henry's law?

the volume of a gas is proportional to the partial pressure of the gas in equilibrium with a liquid

30

what type of epithelium is respiratory epithelium?

pseudostratified columnar epithelium with goblet cells