What is asthma?
A disease characterised by an increased responsiveness of the trachea and bronchi to various stimuli and manifested by a widespread narrowing of airways that change in severity either spontaeously or a result of therapy
What is an important indicator of asthma, in terms of symptoms?
Variability of symptoms
What does asthma result in?
Widespread narrowing of the airways
What percentage of children have asthma?
What percentage of adults have asthma?
Are most children with asthma male or female?
Are most adults with asthma male or female?
How many people in the UK are recieving asthma treatment?
How many children in the UK are recieving asthma treatment?
How many adults in the UK are recieving asthma treatment?
How often does somebody have a life threatening asthma attack?
Every 10 seconds
What kinds of everyday things are totally or very limited by asthma?
How many admissions of asthma are there a year?
How many bed days per year does asthma use?
How many GP consulations are about asthma?
What is the total cost of asthma to the NHS?
What is the total cost of asthma to the economy, due to productivity and benefits?
What is the total cost of asthma to the economy and the NHS?
How many working days a year are lost due to asthma?
12.7 million days
How has asthma prevalence changes over the last 60 years?
Increased massively until about 2010 when it began to drop
What are some proven risk factors for asthma?
What is atopy?
Inherited tendency to IgE response to allergens
If your mother has asthma how much more at risk are you than if your father had it?
How much of adult onset asthma is due to occupation?
Underestimated at 10-15%
What kinds of things are people exposed to at work that leads to asthma?
Crustaceans (shell fish)
What effect does maternal smoking during pregnancy have on the babies breathing?
Increases wheezy illness
Increases airway responsiveness
What is the 'grandmother effect'?
If your grandmother smoked you are more at risk of asthma
What are some possible risk factors of asthma?
Reduced exposure to microbes
Indoor pollution (chemical household products)
What kind of things in someones diet increases the risk of asthma?
Less n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
More n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids
More and less vitamin D
Why do we know reduced exposure to microbes might increase the risk of asthma?
Children born on farms are less likely to develop asthma