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Flashcards in Asthma Clinical Features in Adults Deck (74)
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1

What is asthma?

A disease characterised by an increased responsiveness of the trachea and bronchi to various stimuli and manifested by a widespread narrowing of airways that change in severity either spontaeously or a result of therapy

2

What is an important indicator of asthma, in terms of symptoms?

Variability of symptoms

3

What does asthma result in?

Widespread narrowing of the airways

4

What percentage of children have asthma?

10-15%

5

What percentage of adults have asthma?

5-10%

6

Are most children with asthma male or female?

Male

7

Are most adults with asthma male or female?

Female

8

How many people in the UK are recieving asthma treatment?

5.4 million

9

How many children in the UK are recieving asthma treatment?

1.1 million

10

How many adults in the UK are recieving asthma treatment?

4.3 million

11

How often does somebody have a life threatening asthma attack?

Every 10 seconds

12

What kinds of everyday things are totally or very limited by asthma?

Running

Sport

Stairs

Pets

DIY

Gardening

Pub

Waling

Sleeping

13

How many admissions of asthma are there a year?

67,000

14

How many bed days per year does asthma use?

220,000

15

How many GP consulations are about asthma?

4.1 million

16

What is the total cost of asthma to the NHS?

£889 million

17

What is the total cost of asthma to the economy, due to productivity and benefits?

£1460 million

18

What is the total cost of asthma to the economy and the NHS?

£2.349 billion

19

How many working days a year are lost due to asthma?

12.7 million days

20

How has asthma prevalence changes over the last 60 years?

Increased massively until about 2010 when it began to drop

21

What are some proven risk factors for asthma?

Genetics

Occupation

Smoking

22

What is atopy?

Inherited tendency to IgE response to allergens

23

If your mother has asthma how much more at risk are you than if your father had it?

3x

24

How much of adult onset asthma is due to occupation?

Underestimated at 10-15%

25

What kinds of things are people exposed to at work that leads to asthma?

Isocyanates (paint)

Colophony (welding)

Laboratory animals

Grains

Enzymes

Drugs

Crustaceans (shell fish)

26

What effect does maternal smoking during pregnancy have on the babies breathing?

Decreases FEV1

Increases wheezy illness

Increases airway responsiveness

Increases asthma

Increases severity

27

What is the 'grandmother effect'?

If your grandmother smoked you are more at risk of asthma

28

What are some possible risk factors of asthma?

Obesity

Diet

Reduced exposure to microbes

Indoor pollution (chemical household products)

29

What kind of things in someones diet increases the risk of asthma?

Less antioxidants

Less n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids

More n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids

More and less vitamin D

30

Why do we know reduced exposure to microbes might increase the risk of asthma?

Children born on farms are less likely to develop asthma