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Flashcards in Smoking Cessation Deck (37)
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1

What is in a fag?

Tobacco

Filter

Filler

Additive

Paper

Smoke

2

What is the purpose of a fag?

Deliver a dose of nicotine

3

How many chemicals does cigarette smoke contain?

>4000

4

How many carcinogens does cigarette smoke contain?

>40

5

What are examples of carcinogens that cigarette smoke contains?

Nicotine

Arseninc

Cadmium

Tar

Carbon monoxide

Acetone

Hydrogen cyanide

6

How many British people die prematurely each year due to smoking?

120,000 people

7

How many years of your life does the average smoker lose?

7.5 years

8

What are examples of smoking related cancers?

Lung

Upper respiratory

Bladder

Pancreas

Oesophagus

Kidney

9

How more at risk are smokers of developing lung cancer?

22x

10

How more at risk are smokers of developing upper respiratory cancer?

24x

11

What illness, other than cancer, can smoking lead to?

Endocrine (type II diabetes)

Locomotor (osteoporosis)

Dermatological (psoriasis)

Cardiovascular

Opthalmology (macular degeneration)

Gastroenterology (peptic ulceration, Crohn's disease)

12

In 2014, what percentage of the Scottish population smoked?

20%

13

14

Is the percentage of smokers dropping or increasing?

Dropping, going from 31% in 1999 to 20% in 2014

15

What age group is most likely to smoke?

25 to 34 years

16

Are wealthy or deprived people more likely to smoke?

Deprived

17

What are E-cigarettes?

Battery power to vaporize a solution of nicotine in propylene glycol

18

What is the nicotine hit of an E-cigarette compared to a cigarette?

25-50%

19

How many poisons and carcinogens does an E-cigarette lack that a cigarette has?

250 poisons

69 carcinogens

20

Who are people who smoke whilst pregnant most likely to be?

Younger

Single

Lower educational achievement

Unskilled

Male partner more likely to smoke

21

How does smoking whilst pregnant increase the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and neonatal death?

33%

22

What percentage of smokers restart after their child is born?

66%

23

What does second hand smoke lead to in children?

Respiratory infections

Bronchitis

Bronchiolitis

Pneumonia

Cot death

Middle ear infection

24

Where can children be exposed to second hand smoke?

Home

Car

25

What are the benefits of stopping smoking?

Live longer

Risk of heart disease and lung cancer reduces each year

26

What percentage of the price of a packet goes to the taxman?

77%

27

How much does the treasury earn from cigarettes?

£9.5 billion per year

28

How much does it cost someone to smoke 20 fags a day for a year?

As much as £4000

29

What is the cost to the NHS of treating smoking related diseases?

£3-5 billion

30

What is the total cost of smoking to society?

£13 billion