Sleep Apnoea and Neuromuscular Failure Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Sleep Apnoea and Neuromuscular Failure Deck (70)
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1

What is sleep apnoea?

Recurrent episodes of upper airway obstruction leading to apnoea during sleep

2

What is sleep apnoea usually associated with?

Heavy snoring

Unrefreshing sleep

Daytime smnolence/sleepiness

Poor daytime concentration

3

What is A?

Tensor palatini

4

What is B?

Levator palatini

5

What is C?

Genioglossus

6

What is D?

Epiglottis

7

What is E?

Genu of mandible

8

What is F?

Geniohyoid

9

What is G?

Hyoid bone

10

What is H?

Thyrohyoid

11

What is I?

Thyroid cartilage

12

What is J?

Nasopharynx

13

What is K?

Velopharynx

14

What is L?

Oropharynx

15

What is M?

Hypopharnx

16

What does OSAS stand for?

Obstructive sleep apnoea

17

What does obstructive sleep apnoea lead to?

Impaired quality of life

Martial disharmony

Increased risk of road traffic accidents

Associated with hypertension, increased risk of stroke and probably increase risk of heart disease

18

What is the prevalence of sleep apnoea?

2% of adult men

1% of adult woman

19

What does the diagnosis of sleep apnoea involve?

Clinical history and examination

Epworth questionaire

Overnight sleep study

20

What are examples of overnight sleep studies?

Pulse oximetry

Limited sleep studies

Full polysomnography

21

What is the epworth questionaire?

Different things where you rate your chance of dozing between 0 and 3

22

What is this?

Overnight oximetry

23

What is polysomnography?

Sleep study used to diagnose sleep disorders, recording brain waves, oxygen level in your blood, heart rate and breathing

24

What does a polysomnography record?

Brain waves

Oxygen level in your blood

Heart rate

Breathing

25

What is a sleep stud that diagnoses sleep disorders by recording brain waves, oxygen levels, heart rate and breathing?

Polysomnography

26

What does PSG stand for?

Polysomnography

27

What does a polysomnography involve?

Oronasal airflow

Thoracoabdominal movement

Oximetry

Body position

Brain activity (EEG)

Audio-visual recording

Eye movements (EOG)

Skeletal muscle activation (EMG)

Electrocardiogram (ECG)

28

What is oximetry?

Measures a persons oxygen saturation

29

What measures a persons oxygen saturation?

Oximetry

30

What does EEG measure?

Brain activity