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Flashcards in Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Deck (44)
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1

What are some examples of upper respiratory tract infections?

Otitis media

Rhinitis

Tonsillitis

Pharyngitis

Laryngitis

Epiglottitis

2

What is laryngitis also known as?

Croup or laryngotracheobronchitis

3

How is bacteria inside us all the time but not causing infection?

As commensals, meaning they are harmless

4

What is a problem with commensals always being present?

It can be hard to tell what is a commensal and what is a pathogen

5

Where do most infections originate from?

Bacteria that was in the body before hand

6

What does URTI stand up for?

Upper respiratory tract infection

7

What is the prevalence of upper respiratory tract infections?

 

Acute upper respiratory tract infections (7% of all admissions)

Acute tonsillitis (3%)

Croup (3%)

Otitis media (0.5%)

8

What is important to know about the relationship between upper respiratory tract infections and hospital admissions?

Only a small percentage of upper respiratory tract infections leads to hospital admissions

9

Why is it difficult to know whether you should prescribe antibiotics are not?

You cannot tell if the patient is going to get better or worse

10

What is the best way to know whether antibiotics should be prescribed?

Get the parents to review them in the future and to come back if it gets worse

11

What is the most common upper respiratory tract infection?

Rhinitis (5 to 10 per year)

12

What does prodrome mean?

Early symptom indicating the onset of a disease

13

What does rhinitis prodrome?

Pneumonia

Meningitis

Septicaemia

14

What kind of condition if rhinitis?

Self-limiting

15

What is the prevalence of ototis media?

Common

16

What kind of condition is otitis media?

Self limiting

17

When is otitis media primary and secondary?

Primary viral infection

Secondary with pneumococcus/H'flu

18

What does otitis media cause?

Spontaneous rupture of the eardrum

19

How useful are antibiotics for otitis media?

They do not usually help

20

What is the prevalence of tonsillitis/pharyngitis?

Common

21

Is tonsillitis/pharyngitis caused by viruses or bacteria?

Either

22

How does the severity of tonsillitis/pharyngitis drastically change?

It either requires nothing or 10 days of penicillin

23

What should you never give to someone with tonsillitis/pharyngitis?

Amoxicillin

24

What is the most common cause of tonsillitis/pharyngitis?

Throat commensal of streptococcus

25

What is an indicator of croup/epiglottitis?

Distinctive barking cough and stridor

26

What is rhinitis more commonly known as?

Runny nose

27

How long can rhinitis take to clear?

Up to 15 days

28

What are symptoms of otitis media?

Ear pain

Temperature

Pus

Redness

Bulging drum

29

How long can otitis media (ear ache) take to clear?

Up to 9 days

30

How does treatment with antibiotics change the duration of the infection?

Barely changes it and so is not worth using due to possible side effects