What are some examples of upper respiratory tract infections?
What is laryngitis also known as?
Croup or laryngotracheobronchitis
How is bacteria inside us all the time but not causing infection?
As commensals, meaning they are harmless
What is a problem with commensals always being present?
It can be hard to tell what is a commensal and what is a pathogen
Where do most infections originate from?
Bacteria that was in the body before hand
What does URTI stand up for?
Upper respiratory tract infection
What is the prevalence of upper respiratory tract infections?
Acute upper respiratory tract infections (7% of all admissions)
Acute tonsillitis (3%)
Otitis media (0.5%)
What is important to know about the relationship between upper respiratory tract infections and hospital admissions?
Only a small percentage of upper respiratory tract infections leads to hospital admissions
Why is it difficult to know whether you should prescribe antibiotics are not?
You cannot tell if the patient is going to get better or worse
What is the best way to know whether antibiotics should be prescribed?
Get the parents to review them in the future and to come back if it gets worse
What is the most common upper respiratory tract infection?
Rhinitis (5 to 10 per year)
What does prodrome mean?
Early symptom indicating the onset of a disease
What does rhinitis prodrome?
What kind of condition if rhinitis?
What is the prevalence of ototis media?
What kind of condition is otitis media?
When is otitis media primary and secondary?
Primary viral infection
Secondary with pneumococcus/H'flu
What does otitis media cause?
Spontaneous rupture of the eardrum
How useful are antibiotics for otitis media?
They do not usually help
What is the prevalence of tonsillitis/pharyngitis?
Is tonsillitis/pharyngitis caused by viruses or bacteria?
How does the severity of tonsillitis/pharyngitis drastically change?
It either requires nothing or 10 days of penicillin
What should you never give to someone with tonsillitis/pharyngitis?
What is the most common cause of tonsillitis/pharyngitis?
Throat commensal of streptococcus
What is an indicator of croup/epiglottitis?
Distinctive barking cough and stridor
What is rhinitis more commonly known as?
How long can rhinitis take to clear?
Up to 15 days
What are symptoms of otitis media?
How long can otitis media (ear ache) take to clear?
Up to 9 days
How does treatment with antibiotics change the duration of the infection?
Barely changes it and so is not worth using due to possible side effects