What infection is associated with A?
What infection is associated with B?
What infection is associated with C?
What infection is associated with D?
What infection is associated with E?
What are common bacterial infective agents?
What are common viral infective agents?
Influenza A and B
What are the principles of patient management?
Make a diagnosis
Assess the patient
Decide to treat or not to treat
Is the prevalence of lower respiratory tract infections increasing or decreasing?
How common is tracheitis?
What can tracheitis be described as?
Croup which does not get better
What are symptoms of tracheitis?
What is tracheitis usually caused by?
Staph or strep invasive infection
Why does tracheitis lead to struggling to breath?
Swollen tracheal wall and luminal debris narrows the tracheal lumen
How common is bronchitis?
What are symptoms/signs of bronchitis?
Loose rattly cough with upper respiratory tract infection
Chest free of wheeze/creps
What is bronchitis usually caused by?
Why does bacterial bronchitis cause problems?
Disturbed mucociliary clearance
What kind of infection is bacterial bronchitis normally?
How long can a cough last for with bronchitis?
What is a typical natural history of bacterial bronchitis?
Following upper respiratory tract infection
Lasts 4 weeks
First winter bad
Second winter better
Third winter fine
Caused by pneumococcus/H flu
What should you do when you see persistant bacterial bronchitis?
1) Make the diagnosis
3) Do not treat
Who does bronchiolitis normally affect?
What percentage of all infants does bronchiolotis affect?
What is bronchiolitis normally caused by?
What are symptoms of bronchiolitis?
What long can brionchiolitis last?
More than 16 days
When do RSV cases peak?
During winter, especially around winter
What is usually seen when diagnosis bronchiolitis?
<12 months old
One of (not recurrent)
What is the management of bronchiolitis?