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Flashcards in Cardio Friendly diets Deck (40)
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1

What is the appearance of blood vessels with mild vascular disease?

Small tears with fatty streaks

2

What is the appearance of blood vessels with moderate vascular disease?

Accumulation of cholesterol, Ca, and cellular debris

3

What is the appearance of blood vessels with severe vascular disease?

Thrombus formation after plaque rupture with platelet activation

4

Who is more likely to get an MI: a person with hard plaque or soft?

Soft

5

What cause the causative factors of vascular disease?

HTN
DM

6

Increased platelet activation in vascular disease may be caused by what?

Low fruit/veggie intake

7

What are the protective level of Na and K (relative)?

High K
Low Na

8

What type of fat is protective from vascular disease?

OMega 3

9

What is the role of adrenergic hormones in vascular disease?

Increased inflammation

10

Most FAs in the blood come from where?

Diet

11

What are the uses of lipoproteins?

Build membranes
Energy storage

12

What are the atherogenic lipoproteins?

Chylomicron remnants
VLDL
LDL

13

What are the non-atherogenic lipoproteins?

Chylomicrons
HDL
VLDL

14

True or false: triglycerides are directly linked to CAD

False

15

FAs derived from linolenic acid have how many carbons? Are these saturated, mono, or poly?

18
Polyunsaturated

16

Most FAs have an even or odd number of carbons?

Even (16, 18, 20)

17

Why can you not completely get rid of chylomicrons?

Need ADEK vits

18

What is the enzyme that cleaves off portions of the VLDL to deliver lipids to cells?

Lipoprotein lipase

19

High cholesterol diets have more or less receptors for LDL?

Less

20

What are the enzymes contained within HDL?

LCAT and apoE

21

What are HDLs high in?

proteins and phospholipids

22

What are the functions of HDL?

take up cholesterol from LDL and VLDL

Reverse transport of cholesterol

23

Olive oil has poly or mono-unsaturated fat?

Mono

24

What are the three major "bad" saturated fats?

Myristic (14:0)
Palmitic (16:0)
Stearic (18:0)

25

Why are saturated fats bad?

Tend to raise blood cholesterol

26

What are the two neutral FAs?

Oleic acid
Palmitoleic acid

27

Which have a higher melting point: mono or poly unsaturated fats?

Monounsaturated

28

What is the effect of monounsaturated fats on cholesterol synthesis?

Neutral

29

What is the most common source of mono-unsaturated FAs?

Olive oil

30

Position of the double bond in FAs are designated by greek letters, with the numbering starting where?

Related to the carboxyl group