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Flashcards in Nutritional Supplements Deck (37)
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1

What percent of americans take a supplement?

50%

2

Generally, are supplements meant to be taken indefinitely?

No

3

Are supplements regulated?

Not at all

4

What are the three components of supplements to check?

USP certification
Artificial colors
Allergy causing ingredients

5

PPIs interfere with the absorption of what vitamin?

B12

6

True or false: hypomethylation is a reason some doctors prescribe supplements?

True

7

True or false: folic acid is usually not consumed in adequate amounts

False--one of the most over consumed supplements d/t cereals

8

True or false: the best multivitamin are ones that come in a single pill, to ensure patients take it

False

9

Generally, are all multivitamins equally bioavailable?

no

10

What are the chronic symptom of low K?

HTN

11

What is the best supplement for K?

Food!

12

How can you tell if a person is Mg deficient?

Two Mg requiring enzyme will not function, but these are at very low levels

13

True or false: Mg can be used to treat constipation

True

14

What is the most bioavailable Mg?

Mg citrate

15

True or false: Mg deficiency is uncommon in the US

False (50-70%)

16

What is the worst form of Mg available?

Magnesium oxide

17

Where does Ca go if not combined with Mg?

Cells (not bones)

18

What is the worst form of Ca supplementation?

CaCO3

19

What is the optimal ratio of Mg:Ca

1:1 or 2:1

20

Do we have a good assessment for Se deficiency?

No

21

What are the two diseases that you should consider given a Se supplement to?

Hypothyroidism
Hyperlipidemia

22

What is the best source of Se?

Brazil nuts (2/day)

23

Too much Se has been associated with which CA?

Prostate

24

What is the metal required for super oxide dismutase?

Zn

25

Cr is used in what disease?

DM--iff deficient

26

What is the best form of Fe supplementation?

Ferrous

27

What is the main source of Iodine?

Table salt

28

What is the role of Mb?

Breaks down sulfur for those with sulfur metabolism impairment

29

What are the reasons to give someone a Mb supplement?

Dysbiosis
SNPs

30

What are the symptoms of sulfur metabolism impairment?

Fatigue
Brain fog