Flashcards in Screening Deck (44)
What is the term for a person's action, customs, beliefs, values, etc
What race has the highest incidence of colorectal CA?
What type of food is a risk factor for developing colorectal CA?
Red and processed meats
What is the major protective factor against developing colorectal CA?
What are the guidelines for screening for colorectal CA?
Age 50, unless personal or family h/o colorectal CA
Prostate CA is more common in what population?
African american (1:5 compared to 1:6)
African americans with a 1st degree relative has what chance of developing prostate CA? How does this compare to the general population?
1:3 compared to 1:6 for general population
When does prostate screening begin for the general population? African americans? High risk AAs?
high risk: 45
Super high risk: 40
When should DREs start to be performed for black people?
When should you not screen for prostate CA?
Life expectancy is less than 10 years
At what age is breast cancer more common in blacks? In whites?
40 more in whites
Breast cancer deaths are higher in what population?
Early or late menarche is a risk factor for breast cancer?
Early or late menopause is a risk factor for breast cancer?
What is the correlation of weight with chances of developing breast CA?
increases to 2x with
True or false: breastfeeding for longer than 1 year has been shown to increase the risk of developing breast cancer
What is the screening recommendation for mammograms?
annually after 40 yo
When should clinical breast exams start?
annually in the 20s
What is the infant mortality of blacks compared to the national average?
12.67 for black, 6.61 average
What is the best time to have a baby, in terms of lowering infant mortality?
What is the riskiest type of sex in terms of transmitting AIDS? Least?
Oral sex is least
Which is more strongly correlated with AIDS: race or socioeconomic standing?
Which two diseases occur more often in the hispanic population?
What two comorbidities of DM are hispanics more likely to get?
ESRD (40% more likely)
Retinopathy (84% more likely)
True or false: hispanics are less likely to convert from prediabetes to diabetes compared to whites
Which three CAs, all from infectious agents, are hispanics more likely to develop?
Liver (HBV, HCV)
What are the screening recommendations for pap smears in the hispanic population?
Same as general
What two races have the highest incidence of suicide?
Why are native american suicides so concerning?
Happen so early (20-24)