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Flashcards in Screening Deck (44)
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1

What is the term for a person's action, customs, beliefs, values, etc

Culture

2

What race has the highest incidence of colorectal CA?

African-Americans

3

What type of food is a risk factor for developing colorectal CA?

Red and processed meats

4

What is the major protective factor against developing colorectal CA?

Physical activity

5

What are the guidelines for screening for colorectal CA?

Age 50, unless personal or family h/o colorectal CA

6

Prostate CA is more common in what population?

African american (1:5 compared to 1:6)

7

African americans with a 1st degree relative has what chance of developing prostate CA? How does this compare to the general population?

1:3 compared to 1:6 for general population

8

When does prostate screening begin for the general population? African americans? High risk AAs?

General: 50
high risk: 45
Super high risk: 40

9

When should DREs start to be performed for black people?

40s

10

When should you not screen for prostate CA?

Life expectancy is less than 10 years

11

At what age is breast cancer more common in blacks? In whites?

40 more in whites

12

Breast cancer deaths are higher in what population?

Blacks

13

Early or late menarche is a risk factor for breast cancer?

Early

14

Early or late menopause is a risk factor for breast cancer?

Late

15

What is the correlation of weight with chances of developing breast CA?

increases to 2x with

16

True or false: breastfeeding for longer than 1 year has been shown to increase the risk of developing breast cancer

False--lowers

17

What is the screening recommendation for mammograms?

annually after 40 yo

18

When should clinical breast exams start?

annually in the 20s

19

What is the infant mortality of blacks compared to the national average?

12.67 for black, 6.61 average

20

What is the best time to have a baby, in terms of lowering infant mortality?

20-35

21

What is the riskiest type of sex in terms of transmitting AIDS? Least?

Anal sex

Oral sex is least

22

Which is more strongly correlated with AIDS: race or socioeconomic standing?

Socioeconomics

23

Which two diseases occur more often in the hispanic population?

DM
CA

24

What two comorbidities of DM are hispanics more likely to get?

ESRD (40% more likely)
Retinopathy (84% more likely)

25

True or false: hispanics are less likely to convert from prediabetes to diabetes compared to whites

False--more likely

26

Which three CAs, all from infectious agents, are hispanics more likely to develop?

Stomach (h.pylori)
Liver (HBV, HCV)
Uterine/cervical (HPV)

27

What are the screening recommendations for pap smears in the hispanic population?

Same as general

28

What two races have the highest incidence of suicide?

White
Native Americans

29

Why are native american suicides so concerning?

Happen so early (20-24)

30

Fetal alcohol syndrome is highest in which ethnic group?

Native americans