Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (80)
What is the most important indicator of proper nutrition in children?
What is the timeframe for infancy, preschool years, middle childhood, and adolescence?
What is the timeframe for the first growth chart used for pediatrics?
What is the timeframe for the second growth chart used for pediatrics?
When is BMI used?
2+ years old
What are the four things assessed in the 0-36 month age range?
What are the three things assessed in the 2- 18 year growth chart?
How is BMI used in children as compared to adults?
BMI trends more important than the numerical value in children
Growth is highest at what age?
what percent of weight gain comes from fat in months 1-4? months 24-36?
True or false: there is a 6% weight loss in the first 7-10 days of life
Children should (BLANK) their weight by 6 months, and (BLANK) their weight by 1 yr
True or false: there is no difference in weight gain between breastfed and formula fed infants
What is the rough stomach capacity of newborns? Infants 3 days old? 10 days old?
Fats are essential for what development of what in infancy?
What percent of calories should come from fat for infants? Carbs?
50% = fat
Where should carbs come from in children?
Exclusively breastfed infants need supplement of what vitamin?
Why are infants given a vitamin K injection?
Since bacteria synthesize it
When should infants get an Fe supplement?
Fe deficiency in infancy can lead to what?
Developmental and behavioral issues
When should solids be introduced in a child's diet?
Why is breast milk preferable to formula?
What are the 4 stages of human milk expression
2. Transition milk
3. Mature milk
4. Extended lactation
When does transition milk occur?
1-2 weeks after birth
When does mature milk form?
2 weeks postpartum
What happens to Ig levels as milk matures? Nutrient levels?
Lower Ig, but higher nutrients
What are the three immunologic substances that colostrum has?
Why does vitamin and mineral content of breast milk decline in mature milk?
Child is now receiving other sources of nutrition