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Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (80)
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1

What is the most important indicator of proper nutrition in children?

Growth

2

What is the timeframe for infancy, preschool years, middle childhood, and adolescence?

0-2
3-6
7-10
11-18

3

What is the timeframe for the first growth chart used for pediatrics?

0-36 months

4

What is the timeframe for the second growth chart used for pediatrics?

2-18 years

5

When is BMI used?

2+ years old

6

What are the four things assessed in the 0-36 month age range?

Weight/age
Length/age
Weight/age
Head circumference

7

What are the three things assessed in the 2- 18 year growth chart?

Weight/age
Height/age
BMI/age

8

How is BMI used in children as compared to adults?

BMI trends more important than the numerical value in children

9

Growth is highest at what age?

Infancy

10

what percent of weight gain comes from fat in months 1-4? months 24-36?

40%
3%

11

True or false: there is a 6% weight loss in the first 7-10 days of life

True

12

Children should (BLANK) their weight by 6 months, and (BLANK) their weight by 1 yr

Double
Triple

13

True or false: there is no difference in weight gain between breastfed and formula fed infants

False

14

What is the rough stomach capacity of newborns? Infants 3 days old? 10 days old?

5 ml
25 ml
70 ml

15

Fats are essential for what development of what in infancy?

CNS development

16

What percent of calories should come from fat for infants? Carbs?

50% = fat
50% carbs

17

Where should carbs come from in children?

Solid foods

18

Exclusively breastfed infants need supplement of what vitamin?

D

19

Why are infants given a vitamin K injection?

Since bacteria synthesize it

20

When should infants get an Fe supplement?

4-6 months

21

Fe deficiency in infancy can lead to what?

Developmental and behavioral issues

22

When should solids be introduced in a child's diet?

6 months

23

Why is breast milk preferable to formula?

immune factors
Bioavailable

24

What are the 4 stages of human milk expression

1. Colostrum
2. Transition milk
3. Mature milk
4. Extended lactation

25

When does transition milk occur?

1-2 weeks after birth

26

When does mature milk form?

2 weeks postpartum

27

What happens to Ig levels as milk matures? Nutrient levels?

Lower Ig, but higher nutrients

28

What are the three immunologic substances that colostrum has?

IgA
Lactoferrin
Lysozyme

29

Why does vitamin and mineral content of breast milk decline in mature milk?

Child is now receiving other sources of nutrition

30

There is generally (more/less) stools when infants are breast fed

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