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Flashcards in Deficiencies Deck (42)
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1

Thiamin deficiency = ?

Beriberi

2

Riboflavin deficiency = ?

Cheilosis, hyperemia of the pharynx

3

Niacin deficiency = ?

Pellagra

4

Pantothenic acid deficiency = ?

Numbness/tingling of extremities

5

Pyridoxine deficiency = ?

Dermatitis, convulsions

6

Biotin deficiency = ?

Erythematous periorofacial rash,

7

Folic acid deficiency =?

Megaloblastic anemia + depression

8

B12 deficiency = ?

Megaloblastic anemia + degeneration of peripheral nerves

9

Vit C deficiency?

Scurvy

10

Energy releasing, hematopoietic, and/or other: thiamin

Energy

11

Energy releasing, hematopoietic, and/or other: riboflavin

Energy

12

Energy releasing, hematopoietic, and/or other: niacin

Energy releasing

13

Energy releasing, hematopoietic, and/or other: pantothenic acid

Energy and hematopoietic

14

Energy releasing, hematopoietic, and/or other: biotin

Energy

15

Energy releasing, hematopoietic, and/or other: B6

energy releasing
Hematopoietic

16

Energy releasing, hematopoietic, and/or other: folic acid

Hematopoietic

17

Energy releasing, hematopoietic, and/or other: B12

Hematopoietic

18

What are the symptoms of infantile beriberi?

Dyspnea
Cyanosis
Heart failure

19

What is the vitamin deficiency that isoniazid may cause?

Niacin deficiency (pellagra)

20

Larges doses of niacin is used in the treatment of what?

Treating hypercholesterolemia

21

What vitamin should you suggest using for pts with hypercholesterolemia

Niacin

22

Thiamin i used in the treatment of what disease(s)?

Inborn errors of metabolism

23

B6 is used in the treatment of what disease(s)?

Atherosscleerotic heart disease

24

What are the metals that superoxide dismutase has?

Zn
Cu
Mn

25

Deficiency of vitamin A results in what?

Night blindness
Xerophthalmia

26

Deficiency of vitamin D results in what?

Rickets/osteomalacia

27

Deficiency of vitamin E results in what (infants/adults)?

Infants : anemia
Adults: Neuropathy, myopathy

28

Deficiency of vitamin K results in what?

Children: Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn.

Adults: Defective blood clotting

29

Abetalipoproteinemia?

genetic disease with a lack of apolipoprotein B necessary for chylomicrons, VLDL, and LDL

30

Which vitamin has been associated with a decreased risk of TB infection?

D