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Flashcards in Nutritional Assessment Deck (68)
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1

What can vitamin D be an indicator of?

Inflammation

2

What are the signs/symptoms of Vit D deficiency?

Weakness
Depression

3

What are the genes/enzymes that need to be functioning, in order to convert folic acid to 5-methyltetrahydrofolate?

MTHFR
MTHFD1

4

What are the vitamins needed to convert folic acid to 5-methyltetrahydrofolate?

B2
B3
B6
B12
Vit C

5

Methylmalonic acid and succinate are markers of what deficiency?

Adenosylcobalamin

6

Elevated RBC folate or serum folate could be a sign of what?

Methylcobalamin deficiency

7

Elevated NO may be a sign to use what to reduce those levels?

Hydroxocobalamin

8

What vitamin can become deficient with anesthesia?

B12

9

What is the most active form of folate?

Methylfolate

10

What is the enzyme that produces folate?

MTHFR enzyme

11

What happens where there is too much methylfolate?

Methyl trapping

12

Having too much methylfolate without adequate B12 may cause what to happen?

Blocking of methionine cycle, leading to increased homocysteine levels

13

What is the form of omega 3 FAs found in flaxseed oil? What does this need to be converted to?

ALA converted to EPA

14

What percent of fecal mass is bacterial?

50%

15

Intestinal microflora weight how much?

3 lbs

16

What is the benefit of taking probiotics with an antibiotic?

Reduce resistance

17

What are the supplements needed to offset the effect of screen time on eyes?

Lutein and zeaxanthin

18

What are the supposed benefits of CoQ10?

Cardiac health

19

What is the effect of berberine?

Phytochemical to control blood sugar

20

What is the effect of large amounts of melatonin?

Keeps awake

21

Do fat burners work?

No

22

What are direct methods?

Direct = deal with individual and measure objective criteria

23

What are indirect methods?

Use community health indices that reflects nutritional influences

24

What are the ABCDs of nutrition assessment?

Anthropometric measurements
Biochemical data
Clinical
Dietary

25

What is anthropometric data?

Height
Weight
BMI
body fat %

26

What are better measurements than BMI?

Waist circumference
Body fat %

27

Pale nails can be indicative of what?

Anemia
CHF
Liver disease
Malnutrition

28

Fingernails that are white with darker rims = ?

Hepatitis

29

Rippled nails = ?

Psoriasis or inflammatory arthritis

30

Hair that is easily pluckable or corkscrewed =?

Protein or vit C deficient