Dental Health Flashcards Preview

Nutrition > Dental Health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dental Health Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the cause of osteogenesis imperfecta? Symptoms?

Collagen type I disorder

Brittle bones, blue eyes

2

True or false: melanin pigmentation of the gums is normal in african americans?

True

3

What is the causative agent of dental caries?

Streptococcus mutans

4

What are the three "ingredients" of dental caries?

Tooth
Bacteria
Carbs

5

How does strep mutans produces dental caries?

Acid production

6

What is the standard for cariogenicity?

Sucrose

7

pH below what level is considered cariogenic?

5.5

8

pH greater than what is considered low cariogenic?

6

9

True or false: stimulating saliva secretion is protective against cavities

True

10

What are the symptoms of dental caries?

Sensitivity to hot/cold, sweets, pain on mastication

11

What are the causes of xerostomia?

Reduced salivary flow

12

How does radiation induce xerostomia?

Parotid gland radiation

13

What age group have a high incidence of root caries?

Seniors

14

What are the signs of root caries?

Recession of the gum line

15

Yellowish ring on the corona indicates what?

Exposed cementum --no necessarily caries

16

What is the sign of healthy gingiva?

Interdigitates between teeth

17

What are the 4 major signs of dental emergencies?

Acute pain
Abscess
Cellulitis
Injury

18

What qualifies as acute dental pain (time frame)?

19

What causes the pain with pulpitis?

Nerve necrosis

20

What are the symptoms of oral cellulitis?

Extraoral swelling
Trismus

21

What, generally, are the medications that cause xerostomia?

Anything with the word anti in front of it.

22

What is Ludwigs angina?

Cellulitis of the floor of the mouth, that can progress to obstruct the airway