Preventative med Flashcards Preview

Nutrition > Preventative med > Flashcards

Flashcards in Preventative med Deck (32)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the underlying idea behind health promotion?

More sensible to prevent occurrence of disease or catch it early, than to deal with its consequences once it is established

2

What is wellness?

Physical, mental, and social well being

3

Can you be healthy and not well? Can you be well and not healthy?

Yes
No

4

What are the five determinants of health?

1. Economic stability
2. Education
3. Social/community context
4. Health and health care
5. Neighborhood

5

How do neighborhoods and built environments affect health?

Exercise infrastructure
Environmental exposures
Food availability

6

What are the effects of economics stability on health?

Decreases childhood obesity
Decreases depression

7

How does education affect health?

Improves medical literacy
Higher income

8

What is the effect of social cohesion on health?

Joining and participating in groups cuts odds of dying in half

9

What is the effect of civic participation?

Civic engagement increases community ties

10

Young women who move out of high poverty areas have a decreased incidence of what disease?

Depression/conduct disorder

11

What are the effects of discrimination?

Lowers life span
Decreased birth weight

12

What is the effect of access to primary care in a community?

Increases health and outcomes

13

What is the 80% rule?

Only eat 80% of what is on your plate

14

What is the most important part of the power 9 thing?

Moving naturally

15

What is the plant slant part of the power 9?

Eat more plants

16

What is the wine at 5 part of the power 9?

Polyphenols in wine are good for you

17

What is the belong part of the power 9?

Belonging to a community

18

What are the five leading causes of death?

1. heart disease
2. CA
3. Chronic LRT infx
4. Cerebrovascular events
5. Unintentional injuries

19

What is the first stage of epidemiological transition?

Infectious disease

20

What is the second stage of epidemiological transition?

Receding pandemics

21

What is the third stage of epidemiological transition?

Degenerative disease

22

What is the fourth stage of epidemiological transition?

DElayed degeneration

23

What is the fifth stage of epidemiological transition?

Inactivity, obesity, and DM

24

What are the 6 Ds of epidemiology?

Death
Disease
Discomfort
Disability
Dissatisfaction
Destitution

25

What are the three components of the epidemiological triangle?

Host
Agent
Environment

26

True or false: preventative medicine is designed to replace clinical judgement

False

27

Preventative medicine is population, or patient based?

Patient

28

True or false: holistic and complementary medicine is a part of preventative medicine

True

29

What is positive predictive value?

The probability that subjects with a positive screening test truly have the disease

30

What is negative predictive value?

The probability that subjects with a negative screening test truly don't have the disease