Flashcards in Preventative med Deck (32)
What is the underlying idea behind health promotion?
More sensible to prevent occurrence of disease or catch it early, than to deal with its consequences once it is established
What is wellness?
Physical, mental, and social well being
Can you be healthy and not well? Can you be well and not healthy?
What are the five determinants of health?
1. Economic stability
3. Social/community context
4. Health and health care
How do neighborhoods and built environments affect health?
What are the effects of economics stability on health?
Decreases childhood obesity
How does education affect health?
Improves medical literacy
What is the effect of social cohesion on health?
Joining and participating in groups cuts odds of dying in half
What is the effect of civic participation?
Civic engagement increases community ties
Young women who move out of high poverty areas have a decreased incidence of what disease?
What are the effects of discrimination?
Lowers life span
Decreased birth weight
What is the effect of access to primary care in a community?
Increases health and outcomes
What is the 80% rule?
Only eat 80% of what is on your plate
What is the most important part of the power 9 thing?
What is the plant slant part of the power 9?
Eat more plants
What is the wine at 5 part of the power 9?
Polyphenols in wine are good for you
What is the belong part of the power 9?
Belonging to a community
What are the five leading causes of death?
1. heart disease
3. Chronic LRT infx
4. Cerebrovascular events
5. Unintentional injuries
What is the first stage of epidemiological transition?
What is the second stage of epidemiological transition?
What is the third stage of epidemiological transition?
What is the fourth stage of epidemiological transition?
What is the fifth stage of epidemiological transition?
Inactivity, obesity, and DM
What are the 6 Ds of epidemiology?
What are the three components of the epidemiological triangle?
True or false: preventative medicine is designed to replace clinical judgement
Preventative medicine is population, or patient based?
True or false: holistic and complementary medicine is a part of preventative medicine
What is positive predictive value?
The probability that subjects with a positive screening test truly have the disease