Flashcards in CVS - Myocardial Ischaemia Deck (5)
What are the five causes of myocardial ischaemia?
Stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, left ventricular contractile impairment, dysryhthmia
How can stable angina be treated?
Medical - aspirin, beta blocker, statin, ACE inhibitor, oral nitrate, nicorandil
Surgical - stent, coronary artery bypass surgery
What is the difference in cause between a STEMI and an NSTEMI?
STEMI is usually due to acute total occlusion of a major coronary artery, while NSTEMI is usually due to acutely progressive tight stenosis of a coronary artery
What (apart from atherosclerosis) can cause an MI?
Coronary spasm, coronary embolism, coronary dissection, aortic root dissection, mechanical obstruction during cardiac intervention