MEH - Diabetes Mellitus Flashcards Preview

CJ: UoL Medicine Semester Two (ESA2) > MEH - Diabetes Mellitus > Flashcards

Flashcards in MEH - Diabetes Mellitus Deck (8):
1

What causes type 1 diabetes?

Autoimmune beta cell destruction - autoantibodies are directed against the beta cells so insulin producing cells are destroyed

2

What causes type 2 diabetes?

Either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the cells cannot use the insulin properly

3

How does diabetes mellitus present?

Polyuria, polydipsia, blurred vision, urogenital infections, tiredness, weakness, weight loss

4

How is diabetes diagnosed?

- fasting glucose
- oral glucose tolerance test
- HbA1c

5

How does type 1 diabetes present?

Rapid onset (weeks) weight loss, polyuria and polydipsia, may be ketoacidosis

6

What is the main treatment of type 1 diabetes?

Exogenous insulin given by sub-cutaneous injection several times per day

7

What lifestyle factors can be linked with type 2 diabetes?

Obesity and physical inactivity

8

Why is type 2 diabetes sometime difficult to detect?

The symptoms are very variable due to the slower rise in blood glucose, and they may be asymptomatic. May have polyuria, polydipsia and weight loss.

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