MSK - Anterior Thigh And Knee Anatomy Flashcards Preview

CJ: UoL Medicine Semester Two (ESA2) > MSK - Anterior Thigh And Knee Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in MSK - Anterior Thigh And Knee Anatomy Deck (14):
1

What are the bones called in the lower leg?

Tibia and fibula

2

What is the membrane called that attaches the tibia to the fibula?

Interosseous membrane

3

What four muscles make up the quadriceps?

Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedialis

4

Which muscles are classified as aDductors in the anterior thigh?

Pectineus, adductor longus, adductor magnus, gracilis, adductor brevis

5

What forms the borders of the femoral triangle?

The base is formed by the inguinal ligament, the medial border is formed by the adductor longus and the lateral border is formed by the medial edge of the sartorius

6

How are the femoral vessels and nerve arranged in the femoral triangle?

Nerve is most lateral, then femoral artery, then the femoral vein

7

What type of joint is the knee joint?

Synovial, modified hinge

8

Which muscle is responsible for the 'unlocking' of the knee joint?

Popliteus

9

What is a sesamoid bone?

A small independent bone developed in a tendon where it passes over an angular structure. The patella is a particularly large one.

10

What is the iliotibial band formed from?

A condensation of fascia lata

11

What are the static elements that aid in stability of a joint?

Bones and ligaments

12

What are the dynamic elements that aid in stability of a joint?

Muscle and tendons

13

What are the functions of the menisci?

- load transmission
- shock absorbency
- stability
- nutrition of bone

14

How many different bursae are there in the knee?

6

Decks in CJ: UoL Medicine Semester Two (ESA2) Class (87):