Infection - Travel Related Infections Flashcards Preview

CJ: UoL Medicine Semester Two (ESA2) > Infection - Travel Related Infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infection - Travel Related Infections Deck (14):
1

What is malaria caused by?

5 species of plasmodium parasitic protozoa, carried by a female anopheles mosquito

2

Can malaria spread from case-to-case directly?

Nah

3

What is the incubation period of malaria?

It varies by species, but minimum 6 days

4

Give some symptoms of malaria

High temperature, sweats and cyclic chills, headaches, vomiting, muscle pains and diarrhoea

5

What test is used for malaria?

Blood smear x 3, FBC, U and E's, LFTs, CXR

6

How can malaria be prevented?

- assess risk (knowledge of risk areas)
- bite prevention (repellant, adequate clothing)
- chemoprophylaxis

7

What is typhoid's mechanism of infection?

Faecal-oral from contaminated food/water

8

What causes typhoid?

Salmonella enterica, a gram negative bacterium

9

What are the virulence factors of salmonella typhi?

- gram negative endotoxin
- invasin
- fimbriae adhere to epithelium over ileal lymphoid tissue

10

What investigations are used for typhoid?

Blood/faeces culture, LFTs

11

How is typhoid treated?

Ceftriaxone or azithromycin

12

How can typhoid be prevented?

Food and water hygiene precautions, typhoid vaccine

13

What are the symptoms of ebola?

Vomiting, diarrhoea, headaches, confusion, rash, then internal/external bleeding

14

How is ebola spread?

Direct contact with bodily fluids

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