MSK - Hip Anatomy Flashcards Preview

CJ: UoL Medicine Semester Two (ESA2) > MSK - Hip Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in MSK - Hip Anatomy Deck (19):
1

What are the three bones called that join together to form the pelvis?

Ilium, ischium and pubis

2

What are the three main ligaments in the hip?

Ileofemoral ligament, pubofemoral ligament, ischiofemoral ligament

3

What are the primary hip flexors?

Psoas major and iliacus

4

What is the main hip extensor?

Gluteus maximus

5

What are the hip abductors?

Gluteus medius and minimus

6

What are the hip adductors?

Pectineus, adductor brevis, adductor longus, adductor magnus, gracilis

7

Which are the muscles that are primarily responsible for internal rotation of the hip?

Gluteus medius and minimus

8

Why is there not a lot of muscular support for internal rotation of the hip?

It is not usually performed against resistance

9

When a hip injury has occurred, should the stick be used on the same side of the body as the injury or the opposite side?

The opposite side

10

Define osteoarthritis

Degenerative joint disease - a clinical syndrome of joint pain accompanied by functional limitation and reduced quality of life. Often affects hips, knees and small joints of hands

11

What is the difference between primary and secondary osteoarthritis?

Primary OA - etiology is unknown
Secondary OA - etiology is known

12

Give some causes of secondary osteoarthritis

- trauma
- previous joint disorders
- developmental dysplasia of hip
- infection
- gout
- haemophilia

There are many more

13

Give some risk factors for arthritis

- obesity
- past injury to a joint
- occupational factors
- genetics

14

Give some signs and symptoms of arthritis

- joint pain
- crepitus
- joint deformity
- osteophytes present
- joint stiffness

15

What are the four cardinal signs of arthritis on an X-ray?

- subchondrial sclerosis
- osteophytes
- narrowing of joint space
- subchondrial cysts

16

What does osteoarthritis do to articular cartilage?

- increased tissue swelling
- change in colour
- cartilage fibrillation
- cartilage erosion down to subchondral bone

17

What are the indications for surgical intervention in osteoarthritis?

- severe joint pain
- failure of conservative treatment methods
- limitation of daily living activities
- deformity, angular deviations, instability

18

What is a labrum?

The outer thickening of the cartilage of the socket that cushions the soft cartilage of the surface of the socket

19

Give some risks of hip replacement

- dislocation
- leg length discrepancy
- infection
- blood clots
- fracture
- loosening of components
- future surgery to revise components

Decks in CJ: UoL Medicine Semester Two (ESA2) Class (87):