MSK - Hip Anatomy Flashcards Preview

CJ: UoL Medicine Semester Two (ESA2) > MSK - Hip Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in MSK - Hip Anatomy Deck (19)
Loading flashcards...

What are the three bones called that join together to form the pelvis?

Ilium, ischium and pubis


What are the three main ligaments in the hip?

Ileofemoral ligament, pubofemoral ligament, ischiofemoral ligament


What are the primary hip flexors?

Psoas major and iliacus


What is the main hip extensor?

Gluteus maximus


What are the hip abductors?

Gluteus medius and minimus


What are the hip adductors?

Pectineus, adductor brevis, adductor longus, adductor magnus, gracilis


Which are the muscles that are primarily responsible for internal rotation of the hip?

Gluteus medius and minimus


Why is there not a lot of muscular support for internal rotation of the hip?

It is not usually performed against resistance


When a hip injury has occurred, should the stick be used on the same side of the body as the injury or the opposite side?

The opposite side


Define osteoarthritis

Degenerative joint disease - a clinical syndrome of joint pain accompanied by functional limitation and reduced quality of life. Often affects hips, knees and small joints of hands


What is the difference between primary and secondary osteoarthritis?

Primary OA - etiology is unknown
Secondary OA - etiology is known


Give some causes of secondary osteoarthritis

- trauma
- previous joint disorders
- developmental dysplasia of hip
- infection
- gout
- haemophilia

There are many more


Give some risk factors for arthritis

- obesity
- past injury to a joint
- occupational factors
- genetics


Give some signs and symptoms of arthritis

- joint pain
- crepitus
- joint deformity
- osteophytes present
- joint stiffness


What are the four cardinal signs of arthritis on an X-ray?

- subchondrial sclerosis
- osteophytes
- narrowing of joint space
- subchondrial cysts


What does osteoarthritis do to articular cartilage?

- increased tissue swelling
- change in colour
- cartilage fibrillation
- cartilage erosion down to subchondral bone


What are the indications for surgical intervention in osteoarthritis?

- severe joint pain
- failure of conservative treatment methods
- limitation of daily living activities
- deformity, angular deviations, instability


What is a labrum?

The outer thickening of the cartilage of the socket that cushions the soft cartilage of the surface of the socket


Give some risks of hip replacement

- dislocation
- leg length discrepancy
- infection
- blood clots
- fracture
- loosening of components
- future surgery to revise components

Decks in CJ: UoL Medicine Semester Two (ESA2) Class (87):