Pathology - The Pathology Of Trauma Flashcards Preview

CJ: UoL Medicine Semester Two (ESA2) > Pathology - The Pathology Of Trauma > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathology - The Pathology Of Trauma Deck (8):
1

What are the general effects of trauma?

- bleeding
- infection and sepsis
- specific organ/system effects
- multi-organ failure

2

Give some complications of head injury

- raised intracranial pressure
- generalised eg reduced Glasgow coma score
- infection
- temporary/permanent neurological defects

3

Give some possible effects of abdominal injury

- liver laceration
- spleen laceration
- intestinal perforation
- pancreatic injury

4

Give some risks of damage to long bones

- bleeding
- vascular damage
- nerve damage
- fat embolism

5

Give some effects of crush injury

- tissue loss
- fractures
- vascular injury
- compartment syndromes
- rhabdomyolysis

6

What are the systemic effects of burns?

- release of cytokines and other inflammatory mediators
- increased vascular permeability which leads to loss of fluid and protein
- decreased myocardial contractility (causes hypotension and end organ hypoperfusion)
- respiratory changes
- metabolic changes (rate can increase dramatically)
- down-regulation of immune response

7

What is SIRS?

"Systemic inflammatory response syndrome" - the body's response to infection, inflammation and stress

8

How does multi-organ dysfunction syndrome present?

- acute kidney injury
- acute respiratory distress syndrome
- cardiac dysfunction
- encephalopathy
- gastrointestinal disturbance
- liver dysfunction
- coagulopathy
- bone marrow suppression

Decks in CJ: UoL Medicine Semester Two (ESA2) Class (87):