Flashcards in MSK 2 and 3 - Anatomy Of Shoulder And Upper Arm Deck (41)
True or false - the acromioclavicular joint does not often dislocate?
False - it has six different possible ways of dislocating
What is calcific tendinitis?
A calcium hydroxyapatite deposit above the humerus. It can cause subacromial impingement if too large, and can cause acute calcification tendinitis (this is SEVERE pain over around two days, resolves in 1-2 weeks) if it bursts.
What does an arm with 'long head of biceps rupture' look like?
The long head of the biceps has detached, so the muscle bunches forming a bulge above the elbow
What is shoulder impingement syndrome?
Pain and weakness that occurs when the arm is raised, caused by anything that traps the rotator cuff tendon against the bone above it, causing it to scrape
What is a rotator cuff tear?
This occurs when one or more of the tendons of the four rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder are torn.
What is a reverse anatomy shoulder replacement?
This is a method sometimes used to replace an irreparable shoulder joint. It places the ball part of the joint on the shoulder, and the flat part on the humerus, hence the 'reverse' part of the name
True or false - acromioclavicular osteoarthritis is always extremely painful?
False - the majority are asymptomatic
What are the symptoms of glenohumeral osteoarthritis?
Progressive pain and stiffness over years, and crepitus
What are the treatments of glenohumeral osteoarthritis?
- analgesia and exercises
- steroid injections
- eventual joint replacement
What is adhesive capsulitis?
Also known as 'frozen shoulder', occurs when the shoulder capsule becomes inflamed and stiff. Causes extreme pain and sleep deprivation