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1

What can fungi infect?

Plants

Insects

Amphibians

Mammals

2

What is fungas?

A chemo-organotrophic eukaryoate that lacks chlorophyll and forms spores

3

What does the cell wall of fungus contain?

Polysaccharides

Often chitin or glucan which absorbs nutrients

4

What is the classification based on?

Morphology (shape)

5

What do we informally refer to fungi as?

Moulds, yeasts or mushrooms

6

What are the 3 groups of fungus?

Basidomycetes

Ascomycetes

Zygomycetes

7

What is the sexual and asexual spore of basidomycetes?

Sexual spore is basidospore

Asexual spores is conidum

8

What is the sexual and asexual spore of ascomycetes?

Sexual spore is ascospore

Asexual spore is conidium

9

What is the sexual and asexual spore of zygomycetes?

Sexual spore is zygospore

Asexual spore is sporangiospore

10

What are examples of basidomycetes?

Mushrooms

11

What are examples of ascompycetes?

Neurospora

Saccharomyces

12

What are examples of zygomycetes?

Bread moulds

13

What are examples of basidiomycete pathogens?

Mucor

Rhizopus

14

What are examples of ascompycete pathogens?

Cryptococcus

Malassezia

15

What are examples of zygomycete pathogens?

Candida

Histoplasma

16

What is in the structure of a basidiomycete?

Basidospores

Sterigmata

Septum

Hypha

17

What is contained in ascomycetes and where?

Ascospores contained within a sac

18

What is the structure of a zygomycete?

Rough walled zygote, contains one or more zygospore

19

What are yeasts?

Fungi that favours a unicellular habit

20

What are examples of non-fetal diseases caused by fungi?

Athletes foot (caused by epidermophyton)

Thrush (caused by candida spp)

Pityriasis versicolor (caused by malassezia spp)

21

What is athelete's foot caused by?

Epidermorphyton

22

What is thrush caused by?

Candida spp

23

What is pityriasis versicolor caused by?

Malassezia spp

24

What are dermatophyte infections?

Fungi have enzymes that degrade and utalise keratin as a nutrient source which is caused by epidermorphyton

25

What is degrading and utilising keratin as a nutrient known as?

Dermatophytosis

26

What are 3 fungi that cause skin disease?

Epidermophyton floccosum

Microsporum canis

Trichophyton mentagrophytes

27

What is pityriasis versicolour?

A yeast infection that also forms hyphae in infected skin

28

What are examples of fungi that can cause fatal disease?

Candida spp

Asperigillus spp

29

What does candida spp do?

Infects deep organs of patients with immune dysfunction

30

What does asperigllus spp do?

Infects deep organs of patients undergoing chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation