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Flashcards in Classification of Pathogenic Bacteria 2 Deck (52)
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1

What are the different priorities of bacterial infection?

Priority 1 (critical)

Priority 2 (high)

Priority 3 (medium)

2

What is the classification of gram negative bacteria?

Aerobic (strict)
     Bacalli

Aerobic
     Cocci
     Bacalli

Microaerophilic
     Bacalli

Anaerobic (strict)
     Cocci
     Bacalli

3

What are examples of gram negative bacteria?

Neisseria spp (neisseria meningitides and neisseria gonorrhoeae)

Moraxella catarrhalis

4

What does neisseria meningitides cause?

Meningitis

5

What is meningitis?

Inflammation of the meninges and septicaemia

6

What does neisseria gonorrhoeae cause and how is it spread?

Causes urethritis in men and pelvic inflammation in woman

Spead by sexual contact

7

What does moraxella cartarrhalis cause?

Respiratory tract infection

8

What are coliforms?

Organisms in the family enterobacteriacae

9

Where are coliforms found?

Commensals in the large intestine

10

What is a useful test to classify a gram negative bacalli?

Lactose fermentation

11

What are some bacteria from the enterobacteriaceae family?

Esherichia coli (E coli)

Salmonella spp

Salmonella typhi

Shigella spp

Klebsiella spp

Proteus spp

12

What does escherchia coli cause?

Urinary tract infections

13

What is special about salmonella spp?

Does not ferment lactose

14

What does salmonella typhi cause?

Typhoid fever

15

What does shigella spp cause?

Diarrhoea

16

What does klebsiella spp cause?

Urinary tract infection and hospital acquired pneumonia

17

What does proteus spp cause?

Urinary tract infection

18

What are examples of curved (bacalli) bacteria?

Compylobacter spp

Helocibacter spp

Haemophilus influenza

Pseudomonas spp

19

What does compylobacter cause and how is it spread?

Diarrhoea and is spread by faecal oral route

20

What does helocibacter pylori do?

Damages mucosa

21

What does haemophilius influenza cause?

Respiratory tract infection

22

What does pseudomonas cause?

Hospital acquried sepsis

23

What are anaerobes often part of?

Polymicrobial infection

24

What are examples of anaerobes?

Bacteriodes spp

Prevotella

Porphyromonas

25

What does bacteriodes spp cause?

Intra-abdominal abscess

26

What does prevotella cause and how is it spread?

Aspiration pneumonia and is spread by human and animal bites

27

What is miscellaneous bacteria?

Bacteria that cannot be stained with Gram's staining method or cultured by standard methods

28

What are examples of miscellaneous bacteria?

Mycobacterium spp

Spriochaetes

Chlamydia/Chlamydophilia

29

What is mycrobacterium spp?

Acid and alcohol fast bacalli

30

What is a feature of acid and alcohol fast bacalli like mycobacterium spp?

Resistant to decolourisation by acid or alcohol after staining with carbo fushsin