Flashcards in EU And UK Migration Deck (20):
Where in the EU are people moving from?
Eastern Europe e.g. Estonia
Where are people in EU moving to?
Western Europe e.g. Ireland and UK
What is a informal job/ economy?
Includes employment that comprises work done without the official knowledge of the government and therefore without paying taxes e.g. Window washer
What is a formal job/ economy?
Refers to the type of employment where people work to receive a regular wage and at assured certain rights e.g. Paid holidays
Wages are taxed e.g. Teacher
What are the pull factors to the UK from Poland?
Better healthcare (NHS)
Better wages (up to five times more)
Bette standard of living (housing benefits/ transport)
Better education (university)
What are the push factors from Poland to the UK?
Lower wages and fewer job opportunities
Rural areas are very isolated and deprived
What are asylum seekers?
People who are at risk if they stay in their own country
When do asylum seekers become refugees?
When they settle into another country
How many EU immigrants claim to be asylum seekers?
Why are Senegalese people leaving?
Dry climate = subsidence farming is limited so little money
Sparsely populated so few opportunities
Why are the Senegalese attracted to Italy?
The men that leave send money home and often return with enough money to build a house
What are the advantages for U.K. And British people with movement inside the EU?
Migrants bring labour and skill
Cheaper work force
Greater cultural experience
What are the advantages for Poland and polish people with movement inside the EU?
Earn more money in U.K.
Money can be sent home to improve relatives standard of living
Improving English may help them get jobs at home
What are the disadvantages for U.K. And British people with movement inside the EU?
Schools have to provide extra support to none English children
Unemployment for some and polish often work for less money
Tension between some members of the community
What are the disadvantages for Poland and polish people with movement inside the EU?
Some family left behind
Children find school hard without speaking English
Polish workers may be badly treated (underpaid)
Skilled people in Poland are missed (dentists)
What are the housing issues of migration in the U.K.?
Accommodation can be difficult to find for migrants
Demand for housing has grown immensely in U.K. During early 21st century fuelled by high levels of migration
Why do migrants boost UK's economy?
Migration brings labour and skill
Most migrants pay tax which contributes to economy
Why do some migrants not contribute to UK's economy?
Working in informal sector (not paying tax)
Use uk health and education services adding to governments cost
What are the problems in schools with U.K. Migration?
Schools taking many immigrant children may be under pressure
British parents feel opportunities are reduced for their children by children who don't speak English