Flashcards in Migration Deck (15):
What is migration?
The movement of people from one area to another
What's it called when people move into an area?
What's it called when people move out of an area?
What is a voluntary migrant?
People who choose to move for better job and higher wages these at called economic migrants
What is a forced migrant?
People have to move or they'll face extreme hard ship, persecution or death. They are called refugees
What is a temporary migrant?
Those who pick fruit and vegetables in the UK then go home after picking season these are called seasonal migrants
What is a permanent migrant?
People move and don't return home eg. Many people from the Caribbean migrated to the UK in the 1950-1960
What are some push factors?
Political/ social unrest
What are some pull factors?
Higher standard of living
What the positive impacts on the losing country? (Syria)
Less pressure on resources such as schools and hospitals
Money is sent back to the source country by emigrants
What are the positive impacts on the host country? (UK)
The immigrants are often skilled workers
Migrant workers pay taxes to help fund services and ageing population.
What are the negative impacts on the losing country?
Los my it's bloody others and income (most migrants are of working age)
Skills shortage (often more educated emigrate)
Ageing population (high proportion of old people left)
What are the negative impacts on the host country?
Shortage of housing and jobs
Locals and immigrant compete for jobs leading to conflict
Increased demand for services
Not all money earned by immigrants is spent in destination country
What are the impact of migration on the population pyramid of the host country?
Few young and elderly migrants
20-30 year olds are the majority of migrants
Base relatively wide as those entering country are at the reproductive age group