Flashcards in Three Gorges Dam China Case Study Deck (17)
How many people had to relocate due to the valley where they live being flooded?
1.3 million and many didn't receive the compensation for new jobs and homes as promised
What are the positive environmental impacts of the dam?
HEP is a clean fuel so may reduce China's reliance on coal fired power stations and reduce air pollution
25000 hectares of farm land will be protected from flooding down stream
What are the negative environmental impacts of the Dam 1?
Reduced flow of sediment downriver will agriculture as farmers rely on silt to fertilise the soil
Changing the flow of the river could Lead to the extinction of the sturgeon send river dolphin
The area behind the dam was not cleaned first so sewage and rubbing are trapped behind
What river affecting?
The river Yangtze
What are the negative environmental impacts of the Dam2?
The Dam will trap large quantities of silt causing the reservoir to silt up which will increase erosion beneath the dam
Farmland lost due to flooding the valley
The reservoir is located on a major earthquake fault, it will hold so much water that it could trigger an earthquake
How many towns and villages will be flooded?
How much electricity will it provide?
10% of China's electricity
What was the aim of the three gorges dam?
Create more jobs
Allow large ships to navigate the river
What were the negative social impacts of the dam?
Many sacred temples were lost
1.3 million people relocated many without compensation
People forced to leave their homes to more expensive housing
What are the positive social impacts of the dam?
Many jobs created
New settlements built have better housing and sanitation
Provides for the valley towns and allows water transfer to areas of shortage
Allows Tourist cruise ships
What are the negative economic impacts of the dam?
Damn may break causing expensive colossal flooding
Tourism may be affected as the scenic qualities of three gorges are lost
What are the features of an ideal location for a dam?
When did the project take place?
What are the positive economic impacts of the dam?
Hydroelectric power makes power
Boosts jobs in the valley region
Tourists cruise ships are able to sail river 24/7
A ship lift will enable large vessels to reach the upper river for the first time
How long is the wall?
How much did the Dam cost to build?