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Flashcards in Monserrat Volcano Case Study Deck (15):
1

How many people died?

19

2

How many were injured?

7

3

Which city was buried under 12m of mud and ash?

Plymouth

4

How many villages and homes were destroyed?

20 villages and 2/3 homes destroyed by pyroclastic flows

5

List three other primary effects?

Large areas covered in volcanic ash
vegetation and farmland destroyed
Schools hospitals and airports destroyed

6

How many people have since left the island?

8000/12000

7

What are the main secondary effects?

Tourists stayed away disrupting the economy
Fires destroyed many buildings including government offices

8

How much aid did the UK supply?

Over £17 millions worth

9

What were the main immediate responses?

People evacuated from south to safer northern areas
Temporary infrastructure build
Local emergency services searched for survivors
Shelters build to house evacuees

10

How much did the UK provide to develop north of Island?

£41 million to build airport and docks to encourage tourism back

11

What is Monserrat?

Small island in Caribbean Sea

12

Why did the eruption happen?

Destructive plate margin, Atlantic forced under Caribbean
Magma rose through Sean points forming underground magma pool
Rock above magma pool collapsed opening vents and causing eruption

13

How much rock and gas was released during the eruption?

4-5 million Cubic metres

14

What is the volcano Called?

Soufriere hills volcano

15

When did it erupt?

25th June 1997

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